Wednesday, December 4, 2013

The Holy One of Israel

Hebrew Name for God: HaKadosh
The Holy One revealed in the Tanakh
The idea of the holy (kadosh) implies differentiation: the realm of the holy is entirely set apart from the common, the habitual, or the profane. The holy is singular, awe-inspiring, even "terrible" or dreadful (see Neh. 1:5; Psalm 68:35).
As the Holy One (hakkadosh), YHVH is utterly unique, distinct, sacred, and set apart as the only One of its kind. He alone is worthy of true worship and adoration, since He alone is utterly peerless, without rival, and stands in relation to the world as Creator and Lord. Yes, only the Lord is infinitely and eternally Other -- known to Himself as "I AM THAT I AM" (Exo. 3:15). To say that God is holy is to affirm that He is uniquely to be hallowed as utterly sacred.
In Jewish thinking, "holiness" is an equivalent general term for "Godhead," and the adjective "holy" is synonymous with "Divine" (see Dan 4:8,9,18; 5:11). The Lord's "holy arm" (Isa 52:10; Ps 98:1) is His Divine arm, and His "holy Name" (Lev 20:3, etc.) is His Divine name. In fact, for many Jews, Hakkadosh Barukh Hu, "The Holy One blessed be He", is a synonym for the Sacred Name of God itself.

"Praying the Names of God" by Ann Spangler
The Name:  Holy One of Israel
The title "Holy One of Israel" emphasizes God's uniqueness, otherness, and mystery as well as his call to his people to become holy as he is. The Israelites were to be set apart for God, devoted to his service, and committed to honoring his character by reflecting it in all their relationships. In the New Testament Jesus was recognized as the Holy One of God by demons who were threatened by his power and purity. As believers, we are called to reflect the character of Christ, to be holy even as he is holy.
When you pray to the Holy One of Israel, you are prying to the God whose holiness not only encompasses his sepration from evil, but his power, knowledge, justice ,mercy, goodness, and love.

What are the names of God?  What do the names of God mean?
HOLY ONE: (Isaiah 43:15) - Also called the "Holy One of Israel" (Isaiah 1:4, 12:6, 60:9) and the "Holy One of Jacob" (Isaiah 29:23), God's premiere attribute of holiness is on display in these names. God's holiness is more than just His perfection or sinless purity; it is the essence of His transcendence, the quality of being separate—outside and above all of creation. God's holiness embodies His mysterious awesomeness and, because of His transcendent holiness, we gaze in awe at Him. The Holy One's purity makes it impossible for Him to tolerate sin, and to satisfy His own holiness, He provided a way for sinful mankind to approach Him—through the sacrifice of Christ, the sinless Son of God.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
"Names of God"

The name (qadhosh, "holy") is found frequently in Isaiah and Psalms, and occasionally in the other prophets. It is characteristic of Isaiah, being found 32 times in that book. It occurs often in the phrase qedhosh yisra'el, "Holy One of Israel." The derivation and meaning remain in doubt, but the customary and most probable derivation is from qadhash, "to be separate," which best explains its use both of man and of the Deity. When used of God it signifies: (1) His transcendence, His separateness above all other beings, His aloneness as compared to other gods; (2) His peculiar relation to His people Israel unto whom He separated Himself, as He did not unto other nations. In the former sense Isaiah used it of His sole deity (40:25), in the latter of His peculiar and unchanging covenant-relation to Israel (43:3; 48:17), strikingly, expressed in the phrase "Holy One of Israel." Qadhosh was rather attributive than personal, but became personal in the use of such absolute theists as Job and Isaiah. It expresses essential Deity, rather than personal revelation.

Hezekiah in 2 Chronicles, 2 Kings, Isaiah, and Jeremiah

2 Chronicles 29

1-2 Intro2  according to all that his father David had done...   I am thinking about what this would have had in view.
3-11  Hezekiah’s speech to the priests about the Temple
3  in the first year of his reign...  It was like he was just waiting or the chance to get started.
5  sanctify yoursleves, sanctify the house of the Lord your God...
6-7  they have...
             trespassed and done evil in the eyes of the LORD
             forsaken Him
             turned their faces away from the dwelling place of the LORD
             shut up the doors of the vestibule
             put out the lamps 
             not burned incense or offered burnt offerings in the holy place
8  therefore the wrath of the LORD fell on Judah...  
10  Now it is in my heart to make a covenant with the LORD...  They made a covenant with the LORD to...
11 do not be negligent now for the Lord has chosen you
            to stand before him
            to serve Him
            minister to Him and burn incense
12-19 These Levites cleaned and sanctified the Temple and report to Hezekiah
                       Kohthites:  Mahath and Joel
                       Sons of Merari: Kish and Azariah
                       Gershonites: Joah and Eden
                       Sons of Elizaphan: Shimri and Jeiel
                       Sons of Heman: Jehiel and Shimei
                       Sons of Jeduthun: Shemiah and Uzziel 
16  The priests went in to the inner part...and brought out all the debris... "Debris" in
tum'ah= uncleaness, which probably referred to dirt, junk, and Ahaz's idolatries.
16  The Levites took it the brook Kidron  (cf. 2 Kings 16:15)
17 in eight days... 
20-24 Offerings described
21  seven bulls, seven lambs, and then seven goats for a sin offering
24 an atonement for all Israel...
25-30  Worship during the offerings
25  Levites with cymbals, stringed instruments and harps according to the commandment of David, Gad, and Nathan...
27 when the burnt offerings began, he song of the LORD began...
27  trumpets and with the instruments of David...
31-36  Assembly brought more offerings than the sanctified priest could do
32-34  70 bulls, 100 rams, 200 lambs for a burnt offering and 600 bulls and 3,000 sheep, but too few priests
34  for the Levites were more diligent in sanctifying themselves than the priests...  A word of caution to church leaders.
35  rejoiced that God had prepared the people, since the events took place so suddenly...

2 Chronicles 30

1-12 Passover planned and Israelites invited too
2-4  Passover date changed to give time to consecrate enough priests
6-11  Passover invite runners sent from Dan to Bersheba laughed at and mocked
11-12  Some came
13-17  took away altars, slaughtered offerings,
13-14  People gathered and took away altars from Jerusalem
15-17  Priests sanctifying the Passover lambs
18-20  Unsanctified ate Passover, and Hezekiah prayed for God to forgive those who prepared their heart to seek God.
21-27  Extended Passover celebration
21-22  Feast of Unleavened Bread with gladness
23-27  Two week celebration / feasting
2Chronicles 31
1 pillars and images cut down in Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim and Manasseh
2-10 Priests, Levites, and tithes organized
11-19  Reception, organization, and distribution of the tithes  
12  Cononiah
14  Kore
16-19 Distributed to those in the geneology
20-21  Hezekiah sought the Lord with all his heart

2 Chronicles 32
1-19 Sennacherib challenges God and tells Jerusalem to surrender
20-23  An angel killed them
24—26 Hezekiah became proud, but humbled himself
27-30 Riches and building projects described
31-33  Hezekiah failed God’s test with the Babylonian ambassadors
2 Chronicles 33
2 Kings 18
1-8  Summary of Hezekiah’s life
9-12  King of Assyria conquers Israel
13-16 Sennacherib attacked Judah and Hezekiah paid him to stop
17-37  Rebshakeh’s demand to surrender and challenge.
2 Kings 19
1-4 Eliakim and Shebna report to Hezekiah
5-7 Isaiah promise deliverance
8-13 Sennacherib’s threats
14-19 Hezekiah’s prayer
20-34 Isaiah’s prophecy
35-37 Assyrians retreat after Angel kills 185k
2 Kings 20
1-11  Hezekiah’s sickness and healing
12-13  Babylon ambassadors shown treasures
14-19  Isaiah’s rebuke
20-21 Life summary
Isaiah 38
1-3  Hezekiah’s sickness
4-8  Isaiah promises he will get well
9-20  Hezekiah’s song of praise after his sickness
Isaiah 38
1-2 Babylonian’s visit
3-8  Isaiah’s prophecy
Jeremiah 26
  "Micah of Moresheth prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and spoke to all the people of Judah, saying, 'Thus says the Lord of hosts: "Zion shall be plowed like a field, Jerusalem shall become heaps of ruins, And the mountain of the temple Like the bare hills of the forest." ' 19 Did Hezekiah king of Judah and all Judah ever put him to death? Did he not fear the Lord and seek the Lord's favor? And the Lord relented concerning the doom which He had pronounced against them. But we are doing great evil against ourselves."