Friday, December 26, 2014

Galatians 6.7-10 notes

7 Do not be deceived,
] deceived…  ‎‎(Pres, pass, imp) G4105 - planaō: to cause to stray; metaph. to lead away from the truth, to lead into error, to deceive
“The construction is present imperative in a prohibition, which forbids the continuance of an action already going on.”  --Wuest Word Studies
!  “Do not be deceived” was a familiar phrase in ancient moral exhortation.”  --IVPBBC
God is not mocked;
] mocked… G3456 (pres, pass, indicative) - myktērizō: "to turn up the nose, to ridicule, to ignore, to sneer."  --Wuest Word Studies  / “ a rare verb.” –AT Robertson  /  “It comes from μυκτηρ [muktēr] (nose)”  --Vincent / “…if we can translate ‘turn up the nose at’, the original Greek meaning will be kept in English.”  --RA Cole in TCNT
Prov 1.30  They would have none of my counsel,
                    And despised my every rebuke.
!   “The thought which Paul wishes to press home to the Galatians is that it is vain to think that one can outwit God by reaping a harvest different from that which a person has sown.”  --Wuest Word Studies
!   “You cannot cheat Him by your fair confessions.”  --JB Lightfoot
for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap.
] whatever…  “Indefinite relative clause with αν [ean] and the active subjunctive (either aorist or present, form same here).”   --AT Robertson
] sows… G4687 (pres, act, subj)  - speirō: sows
] reap…  G2325 (fut, act, indicative) - therizō: Lit. “to reap” (from θέρος, “summer”); b. figur. of the “reaping of a harvest,” - “esp. of the consequences of an act.”  --TDNT
!   “It is not the reapers who decide what the harvest is going to be like.”  --JRW Scott in Only One Way

8 For he who sows to his flesh will of the flesh reap corruption,
] to…   “eις into: the flesh being conceived as the soil into which the seed is cast. Comp. Matt. 13:22. His own, because the idea of personal, selfish desire is involved.”   --AT Robertson
“from eis (εiς), which latter is not used here in its local use, for instance where seed is dropped into the ground, but in the sense of “with a view to.” Sowing with a view to the evil nature refers to the act of a person choosing those courses of conduct that will gratify the cravings of the totally depraved nature.” .”  --Wuest Word Studies
] his own…  G1438 - heautou: himself, herself, itself, themselves

] flesh… G4561 - sarx: flesh (the soft substance of the living body, which covers the bones and is permeated with blood) of both man and beasts; fig.  denotes mere human nature, the earthly nature of man apart from divine influence, and therefore prone to sin and opposed to God
niv84—sinful nature; wuestnt—evil nature; nlt—sinful nature
!  “Judaizers … their teachings stressed a salvation-by-works religion, which glorifies man, not God, and which allows him to go on in his sin while seeking to buy the favor of God by his so-called good works.”  --Wuest Word Studies
] corruption…  G5356 - phthora: decay, i.e., ruin (spontaneous or inflicted, literally or figuratively); in the NT, in an ethical sense, corruption i.e. moral decay but he who sows to the Spirit will of the Spirit reap everlasting life.
nivdestruction; nltdecay and death;
!  So here the opposite of phthoran, corruption, is zoēn aiōnion, eternal life, one of the many biblical expressions for salvation. --RA Cole in TCNT
&  1 Corinthians 15.42ff
42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. The body is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption. 43 It is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness, it is raised in power. 44 It is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body. 45 And so it is written, "The first man Adam became a living being." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46 However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural, and afterward the spiritual. 47 The first man was of the earth, made of dust; the second Man is the Lord from heaven.

but he who sows to the Spirit will of the Spirit reap everlasting life.
] sows…  (pres, act, part)
] reap… G2325 (fut, act, indicative) - therizō: Lit. “to reap” (from θέρος, “summer”); b. figur. of the “reaping of a harvest,” - “esp. of the consequences of an act.”  --TDNT
] everlasting…  G166 - aiōnios: perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well) / "undefined because endless as in Rom 16:26, and the other sixty-six places in the NT. "  -- Vine's Exp. Dict.
nasb, rsv, esv, niv84, wuestnt—eternal
!  “Betz is right in saying that this is an ‘eschatological warning’: all references to ‘harvest” in Scripture seem to point to the last day. But Christian experience can be described as ‘entered eschatology’: the first fruits of this eschatological harvest of good or ill are reaped even in this life.”  --RA Cole in TCNT
“If a person sows to please his sinful nature, that is, if he spends his money to indulge the flesh, he will reap a harvest that will fade into oblivion. On the other hand if he uses his funds to support the Lord’s work, or sows to please the Spirit, and promotes his own spiritual growth, he will reap a harvest that will last forever. Though a broader application of the principle is legitimate it seems clear that Paul was dealing primarily with the question of financial support of Christian workers in the Galatian churches.”  --DK Campbell in BKC   
9 And let us not grow weary while doing good,
“Let us not slacken our exertions by reason of the weariness that comes with prolonged effort in habitually doing that which is good.”  --wuestnt
] grow weary… G6023 (pros, act, subj)  - egkakeō: to be (bad or) weak, i.e., (by implication) to fail (in heart);  to be utterly spiritless, to be wearied out, exhausted
kjv—be weary; nkjv, rsv, esv—grow weary; niv84—become weary; nlt--get tired;
nasb—lose heart;  wuestnt--slacken our exertions by reason of weariness;
] doing … G4160 (pres, act, part) - poieō: to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct)
] good… G2570 - [καλς] kalos: "expresses beauty, and beauty contemplated from a point of view especially dear to the Greek mind, namely as the harmonious completeness, the balance, proportion"  --Trench

for in due season we shall reap if we do not lose heart.
] due…  G2398 - idios: pertaining to self, i.e., one's own; by implication, private or separate
nasb—in due time; niv84—proper time; wuestnt—in a season which in its character is appropriate; nlt—at just the right time;
] season…  G2540 - kairos: a fixed and definite time, the time when things are brought to crisis, the decisive epoch waited for; opportune or seasonable time;  at just the right time
nasb, niv84, nlt--time;
!  In Greek, chronos is usually held to be ‘time in the abstract’, while kairos means ‘the right time’ for anything, and so both ‘opportunity’ and ‘due season’, although the distinction may not be absolute (so James Barr in Semantics of Biblical Language).  --RA Cole in TCNT
] we shall reap… (fut, act, indicative)
] do lose heart…  G1590 (pres, pass, part) - eklyō:   1. to loose, unloose, to set free;  2. to dissolve, metaphorically, to weaken, relax, exhaust;  to have one's strength relaxed, to be enfeebled through exhaustion, to grow weak, grow weary, be tired out;  to despond, become faint hearted.
nasb—grow weary;
“The word faint is from ekluo (eκλυο) which was used of reapers overcome by heat and toil. The word means “to relax effort, to become exhausted physically.” --Wuest Word Studies
!  “Sometimes spiritual fainting is caused by a lack of devotion to the Lord. It is interesting to contrast two churches that are commended for “work, labor, and patience” (1 Thes. 1:3; Rev. 2:2). The church at Ephesus had actually left its first love and was backslidden (Rev. 2:4–5). Why? The answer is seen in the commendation to the Thessalonian church: “Work of faith, labor of love, patience of hope.” Not just work, labor, and patience, but the proper motivation: “faith, love, and hope.” How easy it is for us to work for the Lord, but permit the spiritual motivation to die. Like the priests of Israel that Malachi addressed, we serve the Lord but complain, “Behold, what a weariness is it” (Mal. 1:13).”  --W. Wiersbe in BEC
&   Hebrews 10.23-25   Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful. 24 And let us consider one another in order to stir up love and good works, 25 not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching.
&  2 Corinthuas 9:6ff
6 But this I say: He who sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and he who sows bountifully will also reap bountifully. 7 So let each one give as he purposes in his heart, not grudgingly or of necessity; for God loves a cheerful giver. 8 And God is able to make all grace abound toward you, that you, always having all sufficiency in all things, may have an abundance for every good work.

10 Therefore, as we have opportunity, let us do [the] good to all, especially to those who are of the household of [the] faith.
Have…  (pres, act, ind)
] opportunity…  G2540 - kairos: a fixed and definite time, the time when things are brought to crisis, the decisive epoch waited for; opportune or seasonable time, the right time
!  “Well then, whenever we have opportunity, let us work for the common good, especially for the good of those who are our blood-relatives in the Christian faith.”  --RA Cole in TCNT
] do…  G2038 (pres, mid/pass, subj) - ergazomai: to toil (as a task, occupation, etc.), (by implication) effect, be engaged in or with, etc
nasb--let us do; wuestnt— let us be working that which is good to all,
] good… G18 - agathos: "good" (in any sense, often as noun)  “describes that which, being "good" in its character or constitution, is beneficial in its effect; it is used”  --Vine’s Exp. Dict.
!  “The word good is preceded by the article. It is not merely what may be good in character as judged by anybody’s standards, but the good spoken of in the context, good which is the product of the work of the Holy Spirit through the saint.” --Wuest Word Studies
!  Actually, the Christian’s good works are a spiritual sacrifice that he gives to the Lord (Heb. 13:16).”  --W. Wiersbe in BEC
&   Heb. 13:16  For here we have no continuing city, but we seek the one to come. 15 Therefore by Him let us continually offer the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to His name. 16 But do not forget to do good and to share, for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
] to all…  G3956 - pas: 1. individually--each, every, any, all, the whole, everyone, all things, everything;  2. collectively--some of all types
nasb—all people;
] especially…  G3122 - malista: (adverbially) most (in the greatest degree) or particularly
] household…  G3609 – [οκεος]  oikeios: belonging to a house (domestic) or family (kindred); belonging to, adherents of
Eph. 2.19 "Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household [οκεοι - oikeioi] of God; "
1 Tim. 5.8 “But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house [οκείων - oikeiōn], he hath denied the faith..."
nasb--those who are of the household of the faith; niv84--family of believers; nlt—family of faith… 
] faith…  !  "The definite article precedes the word faith. The expression refers to those who belong to the Faith, the Christian Faith.” --Wuest Word Studies
‘those who are related to us by a [sic the] common faith’  --RA Cole in TCNT

!  “It is easier to write out a check for a starving child halfway around the world than to share the burden of our next-door neighbor who talks too much.”  --Eugene Peterson in Traveling Light via Chuck Swindoll
!  “The check for the starving child must still be written and the missionary sent, but as an extension of what we are doing at home, not as an exemption from it.”  --Eugene Peterson in Traveling Light via Chuck Swindoll
&   1 Timothy5.4, 16
4 But if any widow has children or grandchildren, let them first learn to show piety at home and to repay their parents; for this is good and acceptable before God. 
16 If any believing man or woman has widows, let them relieve them, and do not let the church be burdened, that it may relieve those who are really widows.

!  “The neb may be right, however, in translating the last phrase as ‘Let us work for the good of all’, rather than do good to all men. But this is only a minor point of 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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tation, not affecting the main issue of the plain duty of a Christian.”  --RA Cole in TCNT
!  “Well then, whenever we have opportunity, let us work for the common good, especially for the good of those who are our blood-relatives in the Christian faith.”  --RA Cole in TCNT

neb The New English Bible: Old Testament, 1970; New Testament, 21970).