Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Proverbs Outline by Bruce waltke

Bruce K. Waltke
The Book of Proverbs. Vol. 2.
Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Pub., 2005.


COLLECTION 1   (1.1-9.18)
A. Title with Preamble (1.1-7)
B. Preamble (1.8-8.36)
1.  Lecture 1: Exhortation to Listen and to Reject the Gang's Invitation (1.8-19)
      (a) Parent's Exhortation and a Son's Adornments. (1.8-9)
      (b) Resist the Gang's Invitation (1.10-19).

2. First Interlude: Wisdom's Rebuke of the Gullible (1.20-33)
      (a) The Setting of the sermon (20-21)
      (b) Wisdom's sermon (22-27)
      (c) Wisdom's reflection on Her Sermon (28-33) 

3. Lecture 2: Safeguard against the Wicked (2)
     (a) Introduction: Conditions (2:1-4)
     (b) Consequence: Protection (2.5-11)
     (c) Purpose of Protection (2.12-19)
     (d) Life on the Earth versus Death (2.20-22)

4. Lecture 3: The Lord's Promises and the Son's Obligations (3.1-12)
     (a) Introduction: Admonitions to Preserve the Father's Teaching (3.1-4)
     (b) Body: A Lesson in Piety: Trust, Fear, and Honor the Lord (3.5-6, 7-8, 9-10)
     (c) Conclusion: Do Not Reject the Lord's Discipline (11-12)

5. Lecture 4: The Value of Wisdom (3.13-35)
     a. Exordium: The Value of Wisdom (13-26)
(1) The value of Wisdom to ‘ādām (3.13, 14-15, 16-17, 18
(2) The Value of Wisdom to the Lord (3.19, 21)
(3) The Value of Wisdom to the Son (3.21-22, 23-24, 25-26)
     b. Lesson: Covenant Obligations to Neighbors (27-35)
(1) Commands: Obligations to Good Neighbors (3:27-30)
(2) Center Line (Janus): Do Not Envy a Violent Mane (3.31)
(3) Argument: The Lord Punishes the Wicked but Rewards the Righteous

6. Lecture 5: Get the Family Heritage  (4.1-9)
     a. Introduction: Addressees and Admonitions (4.1-2)
     b. The Lesson: The Grandfather's Lecture (4.3-9)
(1) Narrative Introduction to the Grandfather’s Lecture (4.3, 4a)
(2) The Grandfather’s Lecture: Get Wisdom (4:5-9)

7. Lecture 6: Stay Off the Wrong Way (4.10-19)
     a. Introduction and Body (10-13)
(1) Admonitions to Walk in the Way of Wisdom (4.10-13)
(2) Admonitions to Avoid the Way of the Wicked (4. 14-17)
(3) Conclusion (4.18-19)
     b. Conclusion (18-19)

8. Lecture 7: Don't Swerve from the Right Way (4.20-27)
    a. Introduction: Keeping the Interior Anatomy (20-22)
    b. Janus: Guard the Heart, the Source of All Behavior (23)
    c. Lesson: Keep the Exterior Anatomy Fixed on What Is Right (24-27)

9. Lecture 8: Folly of Adultery, Wisdom of Marriage (5)
     a. Introduction (1-6)
(1) Address, Admonition, and Aim (5.1-2)
(2) Motivation (5.3-6)
b. Lesson: Adultery vs. Marriage  (7-20) 
(1) The Folly of Adultery (5.7-14)
(2) The Wisdom of Marriage (5.15-20)
c. Conclusion (21-23)

10. Appendix: Three Inferior Types of men (6:1-19)
     (a) Warning against Becoming Surety (1-5)
     (b) Warning to the Sluggard (6-11)
     (c) Warning against the Insurrectionist (12-19)

11. Lecture 9: The High Price of an Unchaste Wife (6.20-35)
     (a) Introduction (20-21)
     (b) Lesson(22-35)

12. Lecture 10: The Unchaste Wife's Seductive Tactics (7.1-27
     (a) Introduction: Address and Admonition to Hear the Fathers Lecture (7.1-5)
     (b) Lesson: The Unchaste Wife's Seductive Tactics (6-23) encounter, speech, gullible's submission
     (c) Conclusion (7.24-27)

13. Interlude 2: Wisdom's Self-Praise to the Gullible (8)
     (a) Introduction (8.1-10)
     (b) Body/Lesson (8.12-31) 
             -Wisdom's communicable attributes
            -Wisdom's birth and celebration from primordial time
     (c) Conclusion: Final Invitation and Warning (8.32-36).

C. (14) Epilogue: Rival Banquets of Wisdom and Folly (9.1-18)
     a. Wisdom's Banquet (9.1-6)
                 (1) Wisdom's preparation
                 (2) Wisdom's invitation
     b. The Poet's Supplement to the Invitations (9.7-12)
     c. Folly's Banquet (9.13-18)

COLLECTION 2: Solomon I  (10-22.16)
A. Collection 2A: Antithetic Parallels of the Righteous Versus the Wicked (10-15)
1. Superscription (1a) 
2. The Wise and Fool Defined by Their Comportment in Wealth and Speech (10.1b-16)
     (a) Introductory Educational Proverb (10.1b)
     (b)  Wisdom and Wealth (10.2-5)
     (c) Effects of Speech on the Self and Others (10.6-14)
     (d) Wealth and Security (10.15-16)

3. Deeds and Destinies of the Righteous and the Wicked Contrasted (10.17-11.31)
     (a) Introduction: Social Effects of Obedience(10.17)
     (b) Speech and Expectations of the righteous and the Wicked Contrasted (10.18-32)
     (c) Security through Honesty and Righteousness (11.1-8)
     (d) Janus: Security from Destructive Speech through Knowledge (11.9)
     (e) Words in Community (11.10-15)
     (f) Benevolence and Community (11.16-22)
     (g) Desires and Paradoxical Fulfillment (11.23-27)
     (h) Certain Gain or Loss (11.28-31)

4. Two Subunits on Speech and Deeds (12:1-28)
     (a) The First Subunit (1-14)  Introduction (1-3), Speech and One's Household (4-7), Deeds and Property (8-12), Janus Conclusion: Words and Deeds (13-14)
     (b) The Second Unit (12.15-28) Introduction (15), Wise and Foolish Speech (16-23), Diligent Work and Good speech (24-27), Conclusion (28) 

5. Good Teaching, Ethics, and Living (13:1-25)
     (a) Introduction (1)
     (b)Speech and Ethics (2-6)
     (c) Wealth and Ethics (7-11)
     (d) Fulfillment through Wisdom versus Frustration through Folly (12-19)
     (e) The Blessed Future of a Wise Son versus the Baneful End of Fools (20-25).

6. Living in Wisdom (14.1-32)
     (a) Walking in Wisdom (14.1-7)
     (b) Not Walking by Sight (14.8-15)
     (c) Contrasting Social Characterizations and Consequence (14.15-32) 

7. Upholding Righteousness with a Gentle Tongue (14. 33-15.4)

8. Importance of Instruction (15.5-19)
     (a) Consequences of Accepting or Rejecting Instruction (15.5-12)
     (b) The Overcomer's Superiority to Circumstances (15.13-19)

9. Consequences of Righteousness and Wickedness (15.20-29)
     (a) Joy in Education (15.20-23)
     (b) Janus (15.24)
     (c) Destinies of Righteous and the Wicked (15.25-29)

B. Collection 2B: The Lord and His King (15.30-22.16)
1. Prologue: The Dance between Humanity, the Lord , and His King (15.30-16:15)
    (a) Introduction (15.30-33)
    (b) The Lord's Rule (16.1-9)
               1) The Lord's Sovereignty and the Human's Responsibility (16.1-4a)
               2) The Lord's Morality and the Human's Accountability (16.4b-7)
               3) Conclusion (16:8-9)
    (c) The Mediatorial King (16.10-15)
               1) The King's Authority  (16.10-11)
               2) The King's Moral Sensibility (16:12-13)
               3) The King's power (6.14-15)

2. Wise and Foolish Speech (16.16-30)
    (a) Introduction: Security and Wisdom (16.16-19)
    (b) The Wise Speaker (16.20-24)
    (c) The Foolish Speakers (16.25-30)

3. The Splendid Crown of Old Age through Righteousness (16.31-7.6)

4. A Collection of Proverbs on Fools (17.7-28)
    (a) Janus: Catalog of Fools expanded (17.7-9)
    (b) Fools and Their Punishment (17.10-15)
    (c) The Fool versus the Friend (17.16-20)
    (d) The Fool, Injustice, and the Reserved Speech of the Wise (17.21-28) 

5. The Speech of Fools versus the Speech of the Wise (18.1-21)
     a. The Fools Antisocial Speech versus the Defense of the Wise (18.1-11)
(1) The Fool’s Antisocial Nature, Speech, and destiny  (1-9)
      (a.) Intro: The Fool’s Alienation from Society  (1-3)
      (b) The Fool’s Perverse Speech  (4-8)
      (c) The Fool Plunders the community  (9)
(2) Defence of the Righteous in the Lord (11-12)
      b. Janus (18.12)
      c. The Educated Person's Behavior in Conflict and His Speech (18.1-21)
              (1) The Incorrigable Fool versus the Teachable Wise (13-15)
              (2) Teachings about Justice and Conflicts  (16-19)
              (3) Teachings about he Power of Speech  (20-21)

6. Wealth and Wisdom in the Court and in the Home (18.22-19.23)
      a. Poverty, Wealth, and Companions (18.22-19.7)
              (1) Intro (18.22)
              (2)  Wealth and Failed Companions (18.23-24)
              (3) Wealth and Ethics  (19.1-3)
              (4) Wealth and Companions in Court (19.4-7)              
     b. Wisdom in the Court and in the Home (19.8-15)
              (1) Introduction (19.8)
              (2) Wisdom in the Court (19.9-10, 11-12)
              (3) Wisdom in the Home (19.13-15)
     c. Educating the Son to Show Kindness to the Needy (19.16-22)
              (1) Introduction: Keep the Father's Commandment to Live (19.16)
              (2) The Lord Will Reward Kindness to the Poor (19.17)
              (3) Admonitions to the Father to Discipline His Son and the Hothead (19.18-19)
              (4) Admonitions to the Son to Accept His Father's Discipline and Counsel (19.20-21)
              (5) The Poor Desire Unfailing Kindness (19.22)
              (6) Conclusion (19)

7. The Pedagogue and Punishment of Fools (19.23-20.11)
      a. Introduction (19.23)
      b. A Catalogue of Fools and Their Punishment (19.24, 25, 26-27, 28-29, 20.1)
      c. The Righteous King and Fools (20.2-11) 
              (1) The Righteous King Roots Out All Evil (20.2-3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8)
              (2) Justice Tempered by the Reality of Human Depravity (20.9-11)
                              A v. 8
                                     B  v.9
                             'A v. 10
                                     'B  v.11

8. Speech and Commerce (20.12-19)
     a. Introduction and Janus (20.12-13)
     b. Body: Imprudent Speech in the Marketplace (20.14-17)
     c. Conclusion: Accepting Wise Counsel (20.18-19)

9. Trusting the Lord to Avenge Wrongs through His Wise King (20.20-28)
     a. Introduction: Honoring Parents (20.20-21)
     b. Body: Trusting God, Not Self, to Avenge Wrong (20.22-25)
     c. Conclusion: The King Judges the Wicked and Protects the Needy (20.26-28)

10. Doing Right and Justice (20.29-21.31)
     a. Twofold Introduction (20.29-21.2)
           (1) Introduction: Education (20.29-30)        
           (2) The Framing Introduction: The Lord's Sovereignty (21:1-2)
     b. Body: On Doing Righteousness and Justice (21.3-29)
           (1) Janus: The Lord's Desire for Righteousness and Justice (21.3)
           (2) An Analeysis of the Wicked Person's Pursuit of Wealth (21.4-8)
           (3) Janus: The Contentious Wife (21:9)
           (4) The Righteous Triumph over the Wicked (21:10-12, 11, 12, 13-15, 16-18)
           (5) Thee Contentious Wife (21:19)
           (6) The Endurance of the Righteous versus the Death of the Wicked (21:20-23, 24-29)
     c. Conclusion: The Lord's Sovereignty over People and Kingdoms (21.30-31)

11. Wealth and Moral Instruction (22.1-16)
     a. The Lord's Sovereignty and Wealth (22.1-9)
           (1) Introduction: A Good Name Is Better than Wealth (22:1)
           (2) The Lord's Sovereignty over Wealth and Human Accountability (22:2, 3-4)
           (3) Center: Education Youth in the Right Way (22:5-6)
           (4) The Lord Punishes the Rich and Rewards the Generous (22.7-9)
     b. Wealth and Moral Instruction (22.10-16)
           (1) Introduction: The King's Friends (22:10-11)
           (2) Body: The Lord Upholds Truth and Suberts Treacherous Words (22:12, 13-14)
           (3) Conclusion: Moral Instruction and Wealth (22:15-16)

COLLECTION 3: The Thirty Sayings of the Wise (22.17-24)
A. Prologue: Saying 1 (22.17-21)
B. Section A: A Decalogue of sayings about Wealth  [#2-11] (22.22-23.11)
# 2/22.22-23  Do not rob the poor.
# 3/22.24-25  No friendship with an angry man.
# 4/22.26-27  Avoid surety.
# 5/22.28        Don't move landmarks.
# 6/22.29        Men who excel stand before kings.
# 7/23.1-3        Avoid overeating with a ruler.
# 8/23.4-5       Don't overwork to be rich.
# 9/23.6-8       Don't a miser's offer of delicacies.
# 10/23.9         Fools will despise your wisdom.
# 11/23.10-11   Don't cheat the poor of their land.

C. Section B: An Obedient Son [#12-20] (23.22-24.2) 
# 12/23.12           Apply your heart to instruction.
# 13/23.13-14     Correct you child.
# 14/23.15-16     Wise sons make father's rejoice.
# 15/23.17-18     Don't envy sinners.
# 16/23.19-21     Do not mix with drunks or gluttons.
# 17/23.22-25    Listen to dad..
# 18/23.26-28    A seductress is trouble.
# 19/23.29-35    Don't drink too much.
# 20/24.1-2        Evil men are trouble.

D. Section C: Strength in Distress [#21-25] (24.3-12) 
#  21/24.3-4       Wisdom builds your house.
# 22/24.5-6        There is safety in counselors.
# 23/24.7            Wisdom is beyond a fool.
#  243/24.8-9    Scoffers are an abomination.
#25/24.10-12     Be strong in adversity.

E. Section D: Prohibitions against Involvement with the Wicked [#26-30] (24.13-22) 
#  26/24.13-14    Wisdom is like honey to your soul.
# 27/24.15-16     The righteous will rise again.
# 28/24.17-18    Don't rejoice when you enemy falls.
#  29/24.19-20  There is no future for the wicked.
# 30/24.21-22    Don't associate with those given to change.

COLLECTION 4: Further Sayings of the Wise  (24.23-34)
A. Superscription (24.23a)
B. Judging at Court (24.23b-25)
C. Correct Speaking (24.26)
D. Positive behavior in Work (24.27)
E. Wrong Speaking (24.27)
F. Negative Behavior in Work (24.30-34)

COLLECTION 5: Solomon II  (25-29)
A. Superscription (25.1)
B. Section C (25.2-27.27)
1. The Court Hierarchy and the Conflict of the Righteous and the Wicked (25.2-27).
     a. Introduction (25.2-5)
           (1) God-King-Subject Hierarchy (25.2-3)
           (2) The Conflict of the Righteous and the Wicked in the court (25.4-5)
     b. A Decalogue of Proverbs for Courtiers (25.6-15)
           (1) Admonitions for Courtiers (25.6-7a, 7b-8a, 9-10)
           (2) Sayings for Courtiers (25.11-12, 13-14, 15)
     c. General Human Conflicts (25:16-26)
           (1) Resolving Conflicts (25.16-17, 18-20, 21-22)
           (2) Unexpected Conflicts (25.23-24, 25-26)
     d. Conclusion (25.27)

2. Seven Perverted Types of Humanity (25.28-26.28)
     a. Janus: The Person Who Lacks Self-control (25.28)
     b. The Fool (26.1-12)
           (1)  Introduction (26.1-3)
           (2) Body (26.4, 5, 6-10)
                      A  v. 6
                             B  v.7
                                   C.  v.8
                             'B  v.9
                      A' v.10
           (3) Conclusion (26.11-12)
     c. The Sluggard (26.13-16)
     d. Four Kinds of Troublemakers (26:17-18)
           (1) The Busybody and Mischief Maker (26.17, 18-19)
           (2) The Slanderer (26.20-22)
           (3) The Hateful Enemy (26.23-28)
                   (a) The Enemey's Deception (26.23, 24-25)
                   (b) The Enemey's Destruction (26.26-28)
3. About Friends and Friendship (27.1-22)
       a. First Instructions of Friends and Friendships (27.1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8, 9-10)
       b. Second Instructions of Friends and Friendships (27.11-21)
       c. Janus (27.22)

4. Caring for "Flocks and Herds" (27.23-27)
       a. The Adomontion: "Know Your Flocks" (27.23)
       b. Substantiation (27.24-27)

C. Section D (28.1-29-27)
1. A Relationship to tora as a Measure for Ruling and Gaining Wealth (28.1-11).
      a. Introductory Framing Proverb (28.1)
      b. First Subunit: tôrâ and Righteous Government (28.2, 3, 4-5, 6)
      c. Second Subunit: tôrâ and Righteous Government  (28.7-11)
2. The Importance of One's Relationship with God for ruling and Gaining Wealth (28.12-27)
      a. Introductory Framing Proverb (28.12)
      b. The Lord and the Ruler (28.13-14, 15-16, 17-18)
      c. Wealth and Hard Word versus Haste (28:19-20, 21-27)
      d. Wealth by Trust in the Lord and 0Generosity versus Stinginess (28.25-27)
      e. Concluding Framing Proverb (28.28)

3. Center Line: Sudden Death for the Hard-hearted (29.1)

4. Rearing and Ruling Proved Worthwhile in Dealing with the Poor (29.2-15)
      a. Introductory Framing Proverb (29.2)
      b. Joy and Stability through Righteousness (29.3, 4, 5-6)
      c. Janus (29.7)
      d. Peace through Righteousness (29.8-11,  8-9, 12-15)

5. Rearing and One's Relationship with God (29.16-27)
      a. Introductory Framing Proverbs (29.16)
      b. Necessity of Discipline (29.17-21)
      c. Spiritually Inferior Types versus Who Trust in the Lord (29.22- 25-26)
      d. Concluding Framing Proverbs (29.27)

COLLECTION 6: The Sayings of Agur Son of Jakeh (30)
A. Introduction (30.1-9)
     1. Superscription (30.1a)

     2. Agur's Autobiographical Confession (30.1b, 2-3, 4, 5-6,7-90
          a. His Inability to Attain Wisdom (30.1b-6)
          b. Agur’s Petitions for Truthfulness and Modesty (30.7-9)

B. Main Body: Seven Numerical Sayings (30.10-31)
    1. First Unit: Renouncing Greed (30.10-16)
         a. Single-Line Proverb: The Slandered Slave’s Curse (30:10)
                 (1) The Greedy Generation (30.11-14)
                 (2) The Leech (30.15a)
                 (3) Four Insatiables (30.15b-16)

   2. Second Unit: The Wisdom of Living within Boundaries (30.17-31)
        a. Single-Line: The Ignominious end of the Rebellious Child (30.17)
                 (1) Four Awesome Ways and the Awful Way of the Adulteress (30:18-20)
                 (2) Four Upside-down Social Situations (30.21-23)
                 (3) Four Wee but Wise Beasties (30.24-28)
                 (4) Four Stately Marchers (30.29-31)

C. Conclusion: A Warning not to Upset the Divine Order (30.32-33).

COLLECTION 7: The Sayings of Lemuel  (31)
A. Superscription (31.1)
B. The Noble King (31.2, 3, 4-5, 6-7, 8-9)
C. The Valiant Wife (31.10-31)
    1. Introduction (31.10, 11-12)
    2. Body (31.13-15, 16-18, 27)
         a. Her Sources of Revenues (31.13-15, 16-18)
         b. Janus (31:19)
         c. Her Production (31.20-27)
                A No fear of snow  v.20
                       B Spreads palms to the poor  v.21a
                             C Household clothed   v.21b
                                     D She makes clothes for herself   v.22
                                            X Husband at the Gate  v.23
                                     D' She makes clothes for merchants  v.24
                             C' Laughs at the future  v.25a
                       B' Laughs at the future  v.25b
                A' Opens mouth with wisdom  v.26-27
    3. Conclusion (31.28-31)


Waltke, Bruce K. The Book of Proverbs. Vol. 1 & 2. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Pub., 2005.

http://www.christianbook.com/the-book-of-proverbs-2-volumes/bruce-waltke/pd/82725