Saturday, March 10, 2012

1 Kings

1.13  The drama here is perplexing.  First, it seems patronizing and, secondly, were they concerned that David wouldn't see the significance of what they were telling them.
1.49  So all the guests who were with Adonijah were afraid... You think?  This is where you here the flushing sound as their plans going down the drain.
2.5  Joab...
2.7 Barzillai...
2.8  Shimei...
2.13  Adonijah...
2.16  Abiathar...
2.27  that he might fulfill the Word of the LORD...  Another interesting example of how the Lord works in His time with people that seem to have no clue that they were accomplishing His purposes.
3.1 Solomon wasted no time messing up.
3.3  Solomon loved the LORD...  It is interesting that the record makes that statement right after giving the reason that it would change.
3.7  I do not know how to go out or come in...  I can really relate to this prayer.
3.9  to judge this great people of Yours?    I think the point here is that Solomon was asking, not so much for wisdom for its sake, but for the needed enablement to do the job God had given him, to rule Israel well.
3.11 for yourself...  This reinforces the point that it was about Solomon's desire to serve the LORD instead of his own interests (as least so far).



Wednesday, March 7, 2012

2 Samuel 20-23

2 Samuel
20.2  Israel deserted David...  How does it work that three verses ago they were clamoring to get him back as king?
20.6  a page out of Ahithophel's playbook.
20.8  surely this wasn't a common problem and if Amasa knew Joab and was thinking he wouldn't have been surprised by Joab's next move.
   Joab: Defense Minister
   Benaiah: Secret Service
   Adoram: Finance Minister
   Jehoshaphat: Secretary of State (similar to our states not federal gov.)
   Sheva: Secretary
   Zadak and Abiathar: Priesthood ministers
   Ira: Prime Minister
21.6  hang them before the Lord in Gebeah...  This seems like an odd thing to do "before the LORD" and I wonder why these Amorites would be so concerned with Yahweh?
21.17  I wonder if this final revoking of David's "fighting license" because he had just lost his fighting edge might have been a consideration in his not being with the troops in chapter eleven and being asked to stay behind in chapter eighteen (v.3-4).
22.21-25  I have never understood how David could pray something like this (especially in light of some of his rather spectacular sins).  I certainly couldn't.
--->Looking for a real man's name for your boy?  Check these out.
23.8  Josheb-Basshebeth or Adino
23.9  Eleazar
23.11  Shammah
23.18  Abishai
23.20  Benaiah
23.22  among three... This is more than three any way I count it, which makes K&D's comments helpful.  Some of these numbers seem to be nominal rather than precise.  (See verses 23 and 39)
2 Samuel 23:8-39 
The following list of David's heroes we also find in 1 Chron 11:10-47, and expanded at the end by sixteen names (1Ch_11:41-47), and attached in 1Ch_11:10 to the account of the conquest of the fortress of Zion by the introduction of a special heading. According to this heading, the heroes named assisted David greatly in his kingdom, along with all Israel, to make him king, from which it is evident that the chronicler intended by this heading to justify his appending the list to the account of the election of David as king over all the tribes of Israel (1Ch_11:1), and of the conquest of Zion, which followed immediately afterwards. In every other respect the two lists agree with one another, except that there are a considerable number of errors of the text, more especially in the names, which are frequently corrupt in both texts, to that the true reading cannot be determined with certainty. The heroes enumerated are divided into three classes. The first class consists of three, viz., Jashobeam, Eleazar, and Shammah, of whom certain brave deeds are related, by which they reached the first rank among David's heroes (2Sa_23:8-12). They were followed by Abishai and Benaiah, who were in the second class, and who had also distinguished themselves above the rest by their brave deeds, though they did not come up to the first three (2Sa_23:18-23). The others all belonged to the third class, which consisted of thirty-two men, of whom no particular heroic deeds are mentioned (vv. 24-39). Twelve of these, viz., the five belonging to the first two classes and seven of the third, were appointed by David commanders of the twelve detachments into which he divided the army, each detachment to serve for one month in the year (1 Chron 27). These heroes, among whom we do not find Joab the commander-in-chief of the whole of the forces, were the king's aides-de-camp, and are called in this respect הַשָּׁלִשִׁי (2Sa_23:8), though the term הַשְּׁלשִׁים (the thirty, 2Sa_23:13, 2Sa_23:23, 2Sa_23:24) was also a very customary one, as their number amounted to thirty in a round sum. It is possible that at first they may have numbered exactly thirty; for, from the very nature of the case, we may be sure than in the many wars in which David was engaged, other heroes must have arisen at different times, who would be received into the corps already formed. This will explain the addition of sixteen names in the Chronicles, whether the chronicler made us of a different list from that employed by the author of the books before us, and one belonging to a later age, or whether the author of our books merely restricted himself to a description of the corps in its earlier condition.  --Commentary on the Old Testament (10 vol.) by C.F. Keil and Franz Delitzsch

Tuesday, March 6, 2012

Galatians 6.1 - Overtaken or Discovered?

‎‎Ga 6:1 Brethren, if a man is overtaken in any trespass, you who are spiritual restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness, considering yourself lest you also be tempted.
‎‎Ga 6:1 Brothers, if anyone is caught in any transgression, you who are spiritual should restore him in a spirit of gentleness. Keep watch on yourself, lest you too be tempted.
‎‎Ga 6:1 Dear brothers and sisters, if another believer is overcome by some sin, you who are godly should gently and humbly help that person back onto the right path. And be careful not to fall into the same temptation yourself.
‎‎Ga 6:1 Brothers and sisters, if a person is discovered in some sin, you who are spiritual restore such a person in a spirit of gentleness. Pay close attention to yourselves, so that you are not tempted too.

  † προλαμβάνω.
The basic meanings correspond to the nuances imparted by the preposition, “to take before,” “to anticipate.” In the NT the use is along the second of these two lines.
1. “To anticipate,” 1 C. 11:21; also Mk. 14:8: Jesus interprets the anointing, which the woman intended as an act of grateful reverence, as an intimation of His imminent death. Since He sees ahead His death as a malefactor, and realises that His disciples will abandon Him, it is not to be expected that any should anoint Him as an act of piety. The saying could hardly have been invented, and this is an argument in favour of the authenticity of sayings which express His expectation of death (→ II, 24, 949).
2. “To surprise,” Gl. 6:1: The point of the προλημφθῇ is that Paul has in view a fault into which the brother is betrayed “unawares,” so that it is not intentionally wrong. In this case brotherly help is demanded rather than unloving judgment (→ I, 176). There must be readiness to share the burden of offences before God (vv. 1–5 are closely interrelated, so that in v. 4 Paul emphasises that the readiness to find an excuse, indicated by προλημφθῇ, is to extend only to the fault of the brother, not to one’s own).
. Vol. 4: Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. 1964- (G. Kittel, G. W. Bromiley & G. Friedrich, Ed.) (electronic ed.) (14–15). Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

That brings us to a consideration of the word translated “overtaken.” The context which we have presented will help us in determining the meaning of the word as it is used here. The word is prolambanō (προλαμβανω). It has the following meanings: “to anticipate, to forecast, to overtake, to come upon, to take unawares.” Two of our Greek authorities, Lightfoot and Alford, think that the reference here is to the act of a Christian detecting a fellow-Christian in the commission of a sin, thus catching him unawares in it, and establishing by that means the fact of the sin. Four, Burton, Vincent, Expositors, and Meyer think that it refers to the Christian himself being overtaken by the sin before he is aware that he has done wrong. Robertson merely defines the word without interpreting it. The context rules in favor of the opinion of the four. Vincent says, “surprised by the fault itself.” Expositors says, “His surprise in the very act.”Wuest, K. S. (1997). Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament : For the English Reader (Ga 6:1). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

1. Overtaken in a fault (προλημφθῇ — ἔν τινι παραπτώματι). The verb means lit. to take before; to anticipate or forestall. Elsewhere only Mk. 14:8; 1 Cor. 11:21. LXX, Wisd. 18:17. Not, be detected in the act by some one else before he can escape, but surprised by the fault itself; hurried into error. Thus πρὸ has the sense of before he is aware, and ἐν is instrumental, by.* For fault or trespass, see on Matt. 6:14.
Vincent, M. R. (2002). Word Studies in the New Testament (Ga 6:1). Bellingham, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc.

A.T. Robertson
If a man be overtaken (ἐαν και προλημφθῃ ἀνθρωπος [ean kai prolēmphthēi anthrōpos]). Condition of third class, first aorist passive subjunctive of προλαμβανω [prolambanō], old verb to take beforehand, to surprise, to detect. Trespass (παραπτωματι [paraptōmati]). Literally, a falling aside, a slip or lapse in the papyri rather than a wilful sin.
Robertson, A. (1997). Word Pictures in the New Testament (Ga 6:1). Oak Harbor: Logos Research Systems.


The legalist is not interested in bearing burdens. Instead, he adds to the burdens of others (Acts 15:10). This was one of the sins of the Pharisees in Jesus’ day: “For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers” (Matt. 23:4). The legalist is always harder on other people than he is on himself, but the Spirit-led Christian demands more of himself than he does of others that he might be able to help others.
Paul presents a hypothetical case of a believer who is suddenly tripped up and falls into sin. The word overtaken carries the idea of being surprised, so it is not a case of deliberate disobedience. Why does Paul use this illustration? Because nothing reveals the wickedness of legalism better than the way the legalists treat those who have sinned. Call to mind the Pharisees who dragged a woman taken in adultery before Jesus (John 8).
Wiersbe, W. W. (1996). The Bible Exposition Commentary (Ga 6:1). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.

Hughes & Laney
The conflicts over law had led to “conceit” and “jealousy” (5:26). The law did not inspire gentleness and the bearing of each other’s burdens (6:1–2). Paul had to instruct them how to restore the power of the Spirit in their lives. The legalistic perspectives of the false teachers had no room for gentleness or restoration (4:17). They compared themselves to others (6:4; cf. 6:13) and were hindered by pride (6:3). This is the outcome of legalism—false pride and lack of compassion.
Paul dealt with the subject of church discipline (cf. Matt. 18:15–18). When a believer falls into sin, those who are spiritually mature should deal with the matter in a spirit of gentleness. The words “overcome by some sin” (6:1) could mean (1) overtaken and surprised by the transgression, (2) surprised in the transgression, that is, caught “redhanded”, or (3) simply caught up in sin, with no reference to being seen or caught by others. While every Christian should bear his own part of the common load (6:5), believers should assist those excessively burdened.
Hughes, R. B., & Laney, J. C. (2001). Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary. The Tyndale reference library (585). Wheaton, Ill.: Tyndale House Publishers.

2 Samuel 19

 2 Samuel
19.15  Then the king returned...  A bad time to me on the loosing side.
19.18  Shimei ... I have sinned...  Masterful. David showed a lot of class on this one.
19.24  Now Mephibosheth...
19.31  Barzillai the Gileadite...  Friends like this are better than money. 
19.38  Chimham...  I'm not sure what the relationship was with Barzilla, but the gratitude of King David was a pretty significant gift.

Monday, March 5, 2012

1 Corinthians 2

2.4 my preaching ... not with persuasive words of human wisdom...  I assume this was not because he was unable to be persuasive, but by choice or the nature of the message.
2.3-5   Compare with Zech. 4.6 ..."This is the word of the Lord to Zerubbabel: 'Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,' Says the Lord of hosts.
2.8  for had they known...  This is an absolutely facinating idea for me to think and wonder about.  We tend to think of Satan as almost omniscient, but this indicates a strategic error on his part.
2.9  Compare with Isa 64.4  For since the beginning of the world Men have not heard nor perceived by the ear, Nor has the eye seen any God besides You, Who acts for the one who waits for Him.
2.14  spiritually discerned ...
2.16  Compare with Isa. 40
12 Who has measured the waters in the hollow of His hand, Measured heaven with a span And calculated the dust of the earth in a measure? Weighed the mountains in scales And the hills in a balance? 13 Who has directed the Spirit of the Lord, Or as His counselor has taught Him? 14 With whom did He take counsel, and who instructed Him, And taught Him in the path of justice? Who taught Him knowledge, And showed Him the way of understanding?