Thursday, July 27, 2017

The Holy Spirit: Powerful Coming -- Acts 1:4-8; 2:14-47 -- 170716AM@TulsaBibleChurch

The Holy Spirit has come to glorify the Lord Jesus Christ
and to empower His Body to do the same.

Not drunk
Joel’s prophecy
Crucified by God’s purpose and your lawless hands
God raised up  Psalm 16:8-11
David: Dead and Buried
Christ Raised
            exalted to the right hand of God 
            received  from the Father the promise
            poured out                  
Not David  Psalm 110.1
Jesus made Lord and Christ

D. APPLICATION  (2.37-39)
Q: “What shall we do?”
A: Repent and be baptized
     You shall receive the Holy Spirit
R: Received the Word, were baptized

A. Apostle’s Doctrine &
B. Meals and Prayers
C. Things in Common
D. Daily in the Temple
E. Praising God
          F.  The Lord Added

ACTS 1:4
and being assembled…    cf. Luke 24.49-53 esp 49
wait for the Promise…  cf. John 7:37-39;

ACT 1:5
You shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit
·     Note the passive voice.
·     Note unusual position of the verb βαπτισθησεσθε [baptisthēsesthe] (future passive indicative) between πνευματι [pneumati] and ἁγιῳ [hagiōi].
·     There is a so-called instrumental use of ἐν [en] where we in English have to say “with” (Rev. 13:10 ἐν μαχαιρῃ [en machairēi], like μαχαιρῃ [machairēi], Acts 12:2). That is to say ἐν [en] with the locative presents the act as located in a certain instrument like a sword (Robertson, Grammar, pp. 589f.).[1]
·     This baptism of the Holy Spirit was predicted by John (Matt. 3:11) as the characteristic of the Messiah’s work. Now the Messiah himself in his last message before his Ascension proclaims that in a few days the fulfillment of that prophecy will come to pass.[2]
·     Note that the Apostles had already performed miracles without the benefit of being baptized with the Holy Spirit.


ACTS 1:6-7
The Apostles ask a question about restoring the kingdom to Israel that Jesus does not answer.

ACTS 1:8
shall (or will) receive power
·     Strong's G1411 - δύναμις - doo'-nam-is; force (literally or figuratively); especially, miraculous power (usually by implication, a miracle itself)
will be witnesses
·     Strong's G3144 - μάρτυς - martyrs:  witness,
1. The proper sphere of μάρτυς is the legal, where it denotes one who can and does speak from personal experience about actions in which he took part and which happened to him, or about persons and relations known to him. He may be a witness at a trial, or, in legal transactions of different kinds…--TDNT
2. The historical sense as one who sees something.  --Thayer's Greek Lexicon
3. In an ethical sense of those who have proved the strength and genuineness of their faith in Christ by undergoing a violent death.  --Thayer's Greek Lexicon
·     Note that it is used as a noun, not a verb, something they will be, not something they do.


ACTS 2.2
a sound…filled the whole house
Strong's G4137 – plēroō: to make full, to fill up, i.e. to fill to the full
πληρόωa: (derivative of πλήρηςa ‘full,’ 59.35) to cause something to become full—‘to fill.’  --Louw-Nida Greek-English Lexicon
A Sign
there appeared tongues divided, as of fire
ACTS 2.4
And they were filled with the Holy Spirit
 (1) of things; boats, with fish, Luke 5:7; a sponge, with vinegar, Mat 27:48 (some mss. have this verb in John 19:29); a city, with confusion, Act 19:29; a wedding, with guests, Mat 22:10;
(2) of persons (only in Luke's writings):
(a) with the Holy Spirit, Luke 1:15, 41, 67; Act 2:4; 4:8, 31; 9:17; 13:9;
(b) with emotions: wrath, fear, etc…
ACTS 2.11
the wonderful works of God
This is what they heard them speaking about.
ACTS 2.12
Strong's G1839 - existēmi: to throw out of position, displace
“astounded to the point of being beside themselves” --Wuest
Strong's G2296 - thaumazō : to wonder, wonder at, marvel
Whatever could this mean?
They understood what was being said, but did not understand the circumstances of the tongues speaking.

ACTS 2.13
Others mocking
ACTS 2.16
the prophet Joel…2:28-32a
Meaning: Jehovah is his God
One of the “Minor Prophets.”  May have ministered during the time of King Joash.
The roots of this promise are in Numbers 11:29,  God … told [Moses] to select seventy of the elders of Israel and bring them with him to the Tent of Meeting.  God promised, “I will come down and speak with you there, and I will take of the Spirit that is on you and put the Spirit on them.  They will help you…”  --James Boice in The Minor Prophets Vol. 1
Numbers 11  Moses chose the 70 to help him judge Israel
26 Now two men remained in the camp, one named Eldad, and the other named Medad, and the Spirit rested on them.  They were among those registered, but they had not gone out to the tent, and so they prophesied in the camp.  27 And a young man ran and told Moses, “Eldad and Medad are prophesying in the camp.”  28 And Joshua the son of Nun, the assistant of Moses from his youth, said, “My lord Moses, stop them.”  29 But Moses said to him, “Are you jealous for my sake?  Would that all the Lord's people were prophets, that the Lord would put his Spirit on them!”

ACTS 2.17
In the last days
1.  Some commentators believe that Peter was claiming that all of what Joel prophesied happened that day.  –Thomas Constable’s Notes
2.  Other scholars believe God fulfilled Joel’s prophecy only partially. Some of these, for example, believed that He fulfilled verses 17-18 on the day of Pentecost, but He will yet fulfill verses 19-21 in the future.  –Thomas Constable’s Notes
3.  Some scholars do not see a fulfillment of a prophecy but believe that Peter uses the passage to describe the nature of the Holy Spirit’s outpouring.  (Ironside, Feinberg)
I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh (people, mankind)…
“Joel’s emphasis is on the universal nature of this gift, for he shows that it is for “all people” as opposed to being for some only as it had been previously. ”
“This is truly a momentous thing, for it is a way of saying that in the church age, which the coming of the Holy Spirit would inaugurate, all would be ministers of God, not merely a special corps of workers.”  --James Boice in The Minor Prophets Vol. 1

NOTE: The content of Peter’s sermon.
·     He quoted 5 verses from Joel to explain the nature of what the crowd was observing.
·     In all 15 of the verses in the rest of his sermon Christ is mentioned or alluded to.  It was all about Christ!!

ACTS 2.22
attested to you by God
ἀποδείκνυμιa: to cause something to be known as genuine

ACTS 2.23
delivered by the determined purpose and foreknowledge
taken by lawless hands

ACTS 2.30
God had sworn
He foreseeing this spoke
2 Samuel 7:12 (ESV)
12 When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom.
Psalm 89:4  (ESV)
4 ‘I will establish your offspring forever,
    and build your throne for all generations.’”

ACTS 2.32
God raised up…
we are all witnesses

ACTS 2.33
being exalted
received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit
He poured out this which you now see

ACTS 2.34-35
Psalm 110.1

ACTS 2.36
this Jesus … both Lord and Christ

ACTS 2.38
Peter’s answer was forthright. First, they were to repent. This verb (metanoēsate) means “change your outlook,” or “have a change of heart; reverse the direction of your life.” This obviously results in a change of conduct, but the emphasis is on the mind or outlook.[3]
Repentance vs. fruits of repentance
be baptized
It is unfortunate that the translation of Acts 2:38 in the King James Version suggests that people must be baptized in order to be saved because this is not what the Bible teaches. The Greek word eis (which is translated “for” in the phrase “for the remission of sins”) can mean “on account of” or “on the basis of.” In Matthew 3:11 John the Baptist baptized on the basis that people had repented. Acts 2:38 should not be used to teach salvation by baptism. If baptism is essential for salvation, it seems strange that Peter said nothing about baptism in his other sermons (Acts 3:12–26; 5:29–32; 10:34–43). In fact, the people in the home of Cornelius received the Holy Spirit before they were baptized! (Acts 10:44–48)
 1. We are just as responsible for Christ’s crucifixion.
2. We must believe the Gospel about Christ.
3. We must turn from our sin and confidence in human efforts to faith in Christ alone.

What is your response to Christ who was crucified, raised, and exalted?


 ACTS 2.42 continued steadfastly
in the Apostles doctrine Luke makes three points.
(1) The apostles regarded teaching as one of their main responsibilities (cf. 6:1–6).
(2) The believers continuously listened to the apostles.
You cannot be impacted by something you never hear!
(3) The believers practiced what they heard the apostles teach [4]
The Bible wasn’t written for reading, it was written for doing.
  • TBC offers two preaching services with the AM services being online.  There is teaching in the flocks, men's and women's Bible studies.  We have Sunday school, AWANA, etc. for the youth and children.
  • TBC members and attenders should be consistently reading their Bibles and memorizing and meditating.


and fellowship

ACTS 2.44
together, and all things in common
  • Deacon’s Fund at TBC:  If any of you have a rent-house you want to sell and donate the money to our Deacon's Fund, we will put it to good use helping the saints at TBC who have financial difficulties.  We should all be giving toward that.

The fellowship of the Jerusalem believers was anything but shallow. They were willing to use their material possessions for the needs of their fellow believers. This goes way beyond the Hellenistic theme of friendship[5]


breaking bread
·     “Breaking of bread” probably refers to their regular meals, but at the close of each meal, they probably paused to remember the Lord by observing what we call “the Lord’s Supper.”
  • Application:  When is the last time you have attending a Connection group or had a meal with someone from church. 
  • The assignment this month:  Get together for a meal with another family or another person at TBC.

The fourth characteristic of the church is the “prayers” (προσευχαί) of the believers. The plural implies regular prayer practices of the Christian believers,789
. Luke does not clarify whether private or communal prayers are in view, but 1:24 and 4:23–31 indicate that the latter is certainly included.
The paucity of [scarce] evidence makes the inclusion of “prayers” as one of the essential activities of the Christians even more remarkable, especially if a reference is made to communal prayers.

  • Pray corps each Sunday morning during the service, Mondays @ 8:30 AM, and Tuesdays at 2 PM.
  • Flock prayer lists and TBC Today prayer requests.


 ACTS 2.46
daily…in the Temple
·     The Christians you meet in the Book of Acts were not content to meet once a week for “services as usual.” They met daily (Acts 2:46), cared daily (Acts 6:1), won souls daily (Acts 2:47), searched the Scriptures daily (Acts 17:11), and increased in number daily (Acts 16:5). Their Christian faith was a day-to-day reality, not a once-a-week routine.
·     The statement does not necessarily mean that every believer met every single day. Luke could simply say that every day there were meetings of believers in Solomon’s Portico on the Temple Mount.

ACTS 2.47
praising God
They glorified God in their prayers, and when they spoke about God’s blessings through Jesus, Israel’s Messiah and Lord, they cheered God’s wisdom in approval and thus recommended him to unbelievers who might be present.

  • Praising God should be a regular part of our daily conversations.  How many people know your football team, but not that you are a Christian?  


having favor with all the people
The Christians of Jerusalem “enjoyed the respect” (ἔχοντες χάριν) of all the Jewish people (λαός) living in Jerusalem.  The phrase also shows that the followers of Jesus were recognized as a specific group early on.

When Christians live in the Spirit, the world takes notice.
  • When the Holy Spirit is working in his body, these things will happen.  The world will note and respect what God is doing.  How do we expect anybody to have an interest in Christ when these things are not happening?  When the Holy Spirit is doing His work in our body, the lost will come to the Lord.
The Holy Spirit has come to glorify the Lord Jesus Christ
and to empower His Body to do the same.

[1] A.T. Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament (Nashville, TN: Broadman Press, 1933), Ac 1:5.
[2] A.T. Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament (Nashville, TN: Broadman Press, 1933), Ac 1:5.
[3] Stanley D. Toussaint, “Acts,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 2 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 359.
[4] Eckhard J. Schnabel, Acts, Expanded Digital Edition, Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2012), Ac 2:42.
[5] Eckhard J. Schnabel, Acts, Expanded Digital Edition, Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2012), Ac 2:44.
789 Cf. Acts 1:14–15; 3:1; 4:24–30; 12:12.

ONE2ONETHRUJOHN Carpenter Flock teaching template.

Lesson Schedule:

1. Have the class read the class aloud as a whole class or in small groups (individuals taking a verse or two each).  Encourage them to say the verse number so everybody can keep track of where they are.

10 Minutes:  Personal study and writing observations, meanings, and applications.  Encourage them to write a few in each section rather than doing one section in such detail they go get to others.

10 Minutes:  Sharing observations in small groups.

10 Minutes:  Sticky spots teaching time.  There may be passages where it would be helpful to do the "Sticky Spot" time first.

Close with an application question and encourage it to be discussed in small groups till class is over.

---------------------------HAND OUT TEMPLATE-----------------------------

Reference—Catchy Title to Create Interest
1. Have people read the passage aloud
NOTES: Write 1-3 things for each section.
Observations: What do you learn about the main characters?  Any conflicts or high points, theme or main idea, surprises?

Meaning:  Are there any “editorial comments?”  What does this passage reveal about who Jesus is and what He came to do?

Applications:  Does anything challenge or confirm my understanding?  Is there an attitude or action I need to change?  What does a disciple of Jesus do and think because of this passage?

Briefly highlight 2-3 sticky spots in the passage where you can offer some strategic background to enhance understanding or prepare the class for answer likely questions or objections from someone who is new to the Scriptures.

Think about it.
  • Irwin Lutzer askes the teacher to think about this question.  "Why should someone's life be transformed by this message?"  Howard Hendricks put it this way.  "What are you trying to do to these people?"
  • A question that prompts us to wrestle with the teaching in the text?
  • A question that prompts us to reflect on a practical application?
  • A question that helps us to see the Gospel and look to Jesus as our example, Etc.

--------------------------------STICKY SPOT TIPS------------------------------------
    • What are sticky spots? There are two main ideas to keep in mind when deciding what the sticky spots are for a passage. 
    • First, are there any Old Testament allusions, cultural customs, historical background, or language gaps that need to be closed to understand what the text is saying? 
    • Second, what is someone likely to be asked about the text by an unbeliever or new believer?

1.  Allusions to or quotations from the OT.

1.      Joh 1:23
Isa 40:3

2.      Joh 1:51
Ge 28:12
3.      Joh 2:17
Ps 69:9

4.      Joh 3:14
Nu 21:8,9
5.      Joh 4:37
Mic 6:15
6.      Joh 6:31
Ps 78:24

7.      Joh 6:31
Ex 16:15
8.      Joh 6:45
Isa 54:13

9.      Joh 6:49
Ex 16:15
10.   Joh 7:22
Le 12:3
11.   Joh 7:38
Isa 55:1
12.   Joh 7:38
Isa 58:11
13.   Joh 7:38
Isa 44:3
14.   Joh 7:38
Zec 13:1
15.   Joh 7:38
Zec 14:8
16.   Joh 7:38
Pr 18:4
17.   Joh 7:38
Isa 12:3
18.   Joh 7:39
Isa 44:3
19.   Joh 7:42
Ps 89:4
20.   Joh 7:42
Ps 132:11
21.   Joh 7:42
Mic 5:1,2
22.   Joh 8:5
Le 20:10
23.   Joh 8:5
De 22:21
24.   Joh 8:17
De 19:15

25.   Joh 9:31
Ps 82:6

26.   Joh 10:34
Ps 82:6
27.   Joh 12:13
Ps 118:26
28.   Joh 12:14,15
Zec 9:9

29.   Joh 12:34
2Sa 7:13
30.   Joh 12:34
Ps 89:30,37
31.   Joh 12:34
Ps 110:4
32.   Joh 12:34
Isa 9:7
33.   Joh 12:38
Isa 53:1

34.   Joh 12:40
Isa 6:9

35.   Joh 12:49
De 18:18
36.   Joh 13:18
Ps 41:9

37.   Joh 15:25
Ps 69:4

38.   Joh 15:25
Ps 109:3

39.   Joh 15:25
Ps 35:19

40.   Joh 17:12
Ps 41:10
41.   Joh 17:12
Ps 109:8,17
42.   Joh 19:24
Ps 22:19

43.   Joh 19:28
Ps 69:21
44.   Joh 19:36
Ex 12:46

45.   Joh 19:36
Ps 34:20

46.   Joh 19:36
Nu 9:12
47.   Joh 19:37
Zec 12:10

48.   Joh 20:9
Ps 16:10
49.   Joh 20:17
Ps 22:22

2. Apparent contradictions or items from the Skeptic’s Bible

3. Highlight cultural or historical items that are important to understanding the text
IVP Bible Background Commentary

4. Wording that is frequently misunderstood or misused by cults, etc. or a word study on an important key word for the book of John.

5. Parallel passages that help us understand what John is emphasizing or leaving out to help his point.  It can also be helpful to use a harmony of the Gospels to help understand where the text fits in the chronology (Realize that sometimes that is not important to the point John is making.)

6. A hermeneutical principle that helps understand the passage and will help with other sections.