Saturday, April 28, 2012

Psalm 107-109

107.4  They wondered...
107.10 Those who sat in darkness...
107. 17  fools...
107.23 ships...
107.8, 15, 21, 31  Oh, that me would give thanks to the Lord...  This is a four verse psalm with a long ending that doesn't quite fit the format.  The verses also seem to be uneven in English, but I suspect it is better in Hebrew.
108.13b  It is He who shall... This is a popular verse, but I notice here that a driving focus in this verse is that people will know that God did it.  It didn't seem to be enough to just be victorious.
109.7  let his prayer become sin...  That sounds like a good sermon text on the kinds of prayer God answers (yes).
109.27  That they may know...  To God alone be the glory.

Lesson and Sermon Preparation Tips

They read from the Book of the Law of God, 
making it clear and
giving the meaning 
so that the people could understand what was being read. 
Neh. 8.8 (NKJV)

1. First things first
  • Become familiar with the text by repeated readings (in a variety of versions), memorization, & some meditation.  (Generally questions and observations start to come to mind. Write them down.)
2. Context, context, context
  • Overview of the book
  • Author, recipients, time, historical context
  • Theme and basic outline of book
  • Occasion for writing (problems, praises, heresies that would affect the content)
  • Get a sense of where the passage fits into the immediate context of the verses & chapter around it.
2. Wrestle with the meaning and structure
  • Read it carefully a few times in several versions. (at least the ones those you are teaching are using.  You don’t want to be surprised by another version having a different key word or slant on the verse.  Look for wording differences that may reflect interesting wrinkles in the Hebrew or Greek.)  Continue to ask questions and have “conversations” with yourself (and others).  (“Why does it say this?” and “Why does it say it this way instead of another way?”)
  • Remember to focus on the verbs. Notice their tense and whether they are commands.
  • Begin thinking about transition words, the structure of the passage in an outline or cause and effect pattern.
  • Give some thought to the genre and why certain things are said and others skipped over.
  • “Finalize” a list of parallel passages to check, OT verses alluded to in the NT, questions to research, and doctrinal truths to think about.
  • Start thinking about possible “Big Ideas” and applications to be made.
 3. Answer questions and develop an understanding
  • All the time in this step you are continuing to think about a big idea and starting to consider how you will structure your talk, the applications for yourself and your listeners, and possible discussion questions.
  • Read the commentaries in order (make sure to have some diversity, not just a favorite teacher or two and not just from one time period), word study articles, and Bible dictionaries as needed.  (1. Linguistic;  2. Historical;  3. Doctrinal;  4. Devotional)
  • Do your word studies, study the parallel passages, check OT verses alluded to in the NT, and research textual, historical, and cultural issues, and doctrinal questions.
  • Think about how this passage touches on basic Bible doctrines (like the Bible, Trinity and attributes of God, the Father, Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit, Man, Salvation, the Church, God’s plan for the ages/future things, Angels, etc.)
  • Consider and explain skeptics questions, cult proof texts, and “heresy antidotes.”
4. Develop your presentation.
  • Look at other sermons by gifted preachers that were preached on the passage or parts of the passage. This can be helpful in developing illustrations, applications, and outline ideas.
  • Think about how to illustrate the truths with stories or anecdotes.
  • Think about where the gospel points fit in (God’s nature, Only Son, Sin, Precious blood, Eternal Savior, Let Him in).
  • Finalize an outline and big idea (an application oriented thesis statement).
  • Write out your notes.  You do not have to write a manuscript of what you will say.  It is often helpful to write out or work out in you mind the first paragraph if you are not an experienced speaker.
  • Practice giving it (out loud or mumbling to yourself) in spoken words.  At least say the beginning and the transitional statements, illustrations, etc.  If you are concerned about not having enough or too much material, give the whole lesson out loud and time yourself.
  • The classic advice is, “Tell them what you’re going to tell them, tell them, and tell them what you told them.”  Nothing is as discouraging for the teachers and listeners as nobody remembering anything about the presentation.
5. Misc. Cautions & Concerns
  • Find a good balance between the doctrinal meat and shoe leather application.
  • Avoid extremes of too many applications or stories, tedious technical explanations, etc.
  • Avoid uncharitable version criticisms of standard versions/translations ( like kjv, nasb, esv, nkjv, niv84, etc. ) or paraphrases (Living, Message) that cause people to doubt their ability to pick up a English Bible and find out what God says.  You can clarify what you understand the meaning to be and even share insights into translation philosophies without “bad mouthing” a good translation. Do feel free to warn about cult rewrites like the Jehovah’s Witness New World “Translation.”
  • Be very cautious about making statements about things you are not studied up on.
  • Watch for “bunny trails.”  Stay on topic. Focus on moving along at the right pace so you will have time for the last part of your lesson.
  • Think about what you will do if you run out of time.  What parts can you be briefer on, where are the good places to stop and continue next time?
  • Be sincere. You can use ideas you glean from others, but after you have internalized them and made them your own.
  • Be honest and be sure to acknowledge quotations or significant use of another persons material.  (Some will choose to not mention it in the oral presentation, but footnote and/or give credit in a handout or manuscript version.)
  • If you quote from someone, make sure there are not serious problems with their doctrine or practice that you will need to make a disclaimer about.
  • It is usually helpful to be familiar with the physical surroundings you will present in.  If possible, go stand in behind the pulpit or lectern, and walk the stage or presenting area to get a feel for your surroundings in advance.
  • Don’t be fake, but don’t be boring.  Use the full stage or space and move your hands.  Think about your facial expressions (Do you tend to be to happy, serious, or blah?). Use a the full range of dynamics and expression in your voice.  Make God’s Word vibrant and alive.

Friday, April 27, 2012

Psalm 104-106

104.2  cover Yourself with light...  Day one of creation
104.3  waters...clouds...  Day two of creation
104.5  foundations of the earth...  Day three of creation
104.14  causes grass to grow...  Day three of creation
104.19  appointed the moon for seasons...  Day four of creation
104.25  wide sea...teeming things...  Day five of creation
104.28  What You give them they gather in...  Here is the combination of Divine provision and the effort of gathering His provision.
105.19  The word of the LORD tested him...  This is an interesting explanation of what happened to Joseph.  My first impression is that this is a reference to the Divinely orchestrated event tried his faith in and faithfulness to (two closely related things) to the LORD.  
106.7  rebelled... This does not seem to refer to an armed attempt to overthrow a government, etc., but simply complaining rather strongly against the LORD and questioning his faithfulness and goodness.     
106.43  rebelled in their counsel...  
"God's "counsel" was to make Israel free and glorious, but they leaned upon themselves, following their own intentions (בּעצתם); wherefore they perished in their sins."  --Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
NET Bible translation note: Heb “but they rebelled in their counsel.” The prefixed verbal form is either preterite or imperfect, in which case it is customary, describing repeated action in past time (“they would have a rebellious attitude”).


 Immortal, invisible, God only wise,
In light inaccessible hid from our eyes,
Most blessèd, most glorious, the Ancient of Days,
Almighty, victorious, Thy great Name we praise.

Unresting, unhasting, and silent as light,
Nor wanting, nor wasting, Thou rulest in might;
Thy justice, like mountains, high soaring above
Thy clouds, which are fountains of goodness and love.

To all, life Thou givest, to both great and small;
In all life Thou livest, the true life of all;
We blossom and flourish as leaves on the tree,
And wither and perish—but naught changeth Thee.

Great Father of glory, pure Father of light,
Thine angels adore Thee, all veiling their sight;
But of all Thy rich graces this grace, Lord, impart
Take the veil from our faces, the vile from our heart.

All laud we would render; O help us to see
’Tis only the splendor of light hideth Thee,
And so let Thy glory, Almighty, impart,
Through Christ in His story, Thy Christ to the heart.

Words: Wal­ter C. Smith, Hymns of Christ and the Christ­ian Life, 1876.
Music: St. Den­io, Welsh mel­o­dy, from Can­ai­dau y Cyssegr, by John Ro­berts, 1839
Hymn Studies
YouTube version

Wednesday, April 25, 2012

Psalm 96 - 103

96.1, 3  all...   The all words reinforce not only our obligation but the greatness of God that He deserves to be known by all men.
96.9  the beauty of holiness...  This is a great expression.  Beauty and holiness are two that we might not normally associate with each other.  Holiness is beautiful.
97.10  He preserves...
101.3-4  It shall not cling to me...   These are some great verses to have on the ready.  I like the idea that wickedness will not stick.  It reminds of of when Jesus told Peter that Satan was coming, but he had not hold on Him.  My my thoughts and life be such that wickedness will not find a place to stick to.
103.8  Slow to anger... This would be a great one for a joke book.  What should we be slow to?  anger.

Monday, April 23, 2012

Mr. Martin's Fifth Grade Old Testament Catechism

When I taught fifth grade and MVCS, I used a "homemade curriculum" that included a heavy emphasis on Scripture memory (Col.3, Ex 20.1-18, Lk 2.8-14, Wordless Book verses, etc.) and an overview of the OT that included Bible stories, learning the Walk Thru, and practice with the key words for each OT book with a picture of Christ in the book.  I made heavy use of materials from Walk Thru the Bible's OT Live Seminar.  

- - -Pentateuch- - -
1. What is the key word for the book of Genesis?   Beginnings
In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.   Gen 1:1
2. What were the four main events and people in Genesis?   Creation, fall, flood, nations and Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph
Who is Christ in the book of Genesis?   The Seed of the women (and of  Abraham)
And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.   Gen 3:15
Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;  Heb 2:14
 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(Job is a book of poetry that has been put here because this is where it fits chronologically.)
4. What is the key word for the book of Job?   Sovereignty
Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him:  Job 13:15a
5. How is the long book of Job structured?   Job consists of… 
the story of Job’s calamity,
three cycles of debate between Job and his friends, Eiphaz, Bildad, and Zophar
closing rebuttals by Elihu  and
a discussion between Job and God.
6. When did Job take place?   Although Job is a book of poetry, it probably took place during the times of the patriarchs.
7. What is Christ in the book of Job?   Our Mediator
For he is not a man, as I am, that I should answer him, and we should come together in judgment. Neither is there any daysman betwixt us, that might lay his hand upon us both.   Job 9:32-33
For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. 1 Timothy 2:5-6  (also Heb 4:14-16)
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8. What is the key word of Exodus?   Exit (of the Israelites from the slavery in Egypt)
 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Ex. 20:2
9. Who is Christ in the book of Exodus?   Our Passover
For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy  you, when I smite the land of Egypt. Ex. 12:12-13
Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us: 1 Corinthians 5:7
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10. What is the key word for the book of Leviticus?   Offerings and feasts
Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the Passover be left unto the morning.  Lev. 34:25
11. What was the purpose of the offerings and feasts?   To help the Israelites be holy
12. What is Christ in the book of Leviticus?   Our Sacrifice for sin
For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul. Lev. 17:11
For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.  Hebrews 9:26
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13. What is the key word for the book of Numbers?   Wanderings
If the LORD delight in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it us; a land which floweth with milk and honey. Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their defense  is departed from them, and the LORD is with us: fear them not.   Numbers 14:8-9
14. Why did the children of Israel have to wander around in the desert?   They did not believe God and disobeyed Him by refusing to go into the  promised land.
15. Who is Christ in the book of Numbers?   The One lifted up
And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived. Numbers 21:9
And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. John 3:14-15
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16. What is the key word of Deuteronomy?   Second law
 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD: And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.  Deuteronomy 6:4-5
17. Why did Moses need to give the law a second time?   Because the old  generation that had received the law at Mt. Sinai had died in the wilderness wanderings
18. Who is Christ in the book of Deuteronomy?    The true Prophet
The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken;   Deut. 18:15
See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven:  Heb. 12:25  (Also Acts 3:22-26)
- - -Books of History- - -
19. What are the three divisions of the historical books?  
The theocratic books which include Joshua, Judges, and Ruth;  
The monoarchial books which include 1 &2 Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles; 
3. The restoration books which include Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther.
                                                       - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
The Theocratic Books of History
20. What is the key word for Joshua?    Joshua conquers
So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from war. Joshua 11.23
21. Why was it important for the Israelites to drive out all of the wicked inhabitants of the promised land?   They would turn Israel's hearts from the Lord with their idol worship.
22. Who is Christ in the book of Joshua?   The Captain of our Salvation
And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries? And he said, Nay; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant? Joshua 5.13-14
For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. Hebrews 2:10
                                                      - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
23. What is the key word for the book of Judges? Sin cycles
And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies. Whithersoever they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for evil, as the LORD had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto them: and they were greatly distressed. Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them. Judges 2.14-16
24. What were the steps in the sin cycles?   Sin, slavery, supplication, salvation, silence were steps that were repeated seven times with the judges. (Othniel (3:9-10), Ehud (3:15), Deborah and Barak (4:7-9), Gideon (6:11-12) Tola (10:1-2), Jepthah (11:5-6), and Samson (13:5).)
25. What was Christ in the book of Judges?   Our Savior/Deliverer
And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them. Judges 2:18
Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. Hebrews 2.14-15
   - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
26. What is the key word for the book of Ruth?   Love story
And Ruth said, Entreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: Ruth 1.16
27. When did the story of Ruth take place?   During the time of the judges
28. What is Christ in the book of Ruth? Our Kinsman-Redeemer
And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel. And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age… Ruth 4.14-15a
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The Monarchial Books of History
29. What is the key word for the 1 SamuelKing Saul
And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.   1 Samuel 15:22
30. Who is Christ in the book of 1 Samuel?   Our Friend
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies. And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul. I Samuel 20:16-17
Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. John 15:13
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31. What is the key word for 2 Samuel? King David
And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake. II Samuel 5:12
32. What book of the Bible did David write?   Psalms (He wrote most of it.)
33. Who is Christ in the book of 2 Samuel? Our King
And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever. II Samuel 7:16
Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name. He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore. II Samuel 22:50-51
And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.  Luke 1:33
                                             - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
34. What is the key word for the book of  1 Chronicles?   Editorial on David
Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all.  I Chronicles 29:11
35. When does the book of 1 Chronicles take place?   It covers the same events as 2 Samuel
36. Who is Christ in the book of 1 Chronicles?   The Blessing of the ark
And the ark of God remained with the family of Obededom in his house three months. And the LORD blessed the house of Obededom, and all that he had. 1 Chronicles 13:14
Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me. Revelation 3:20
- - -Books of Poetry- - -
37. Which books are books of poetry? Job, Psalms,  Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon
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38. What is the key word for the book of Psalms?   Worship
My mouth shall speak the praise of the Lord, and all flesh shall bless His holy name forever and ever.  Psalm 145:21
39. What were the psalms used for?   They were the Jewish song/hymn book
40. Who is Christ in the book of Psalms? Our Shepherd
The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.  Psalm 23:1
11 I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.  14 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.  John 10:11,14
The Monarchial Books of History (continued)
41. What is the key word for 1 Kings?   King Solomon
Blessed be the LORD thy God, which delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Israel: because the LORD loved Israel for ever, therefore made he thee king, to do judgment and justice. 1 Kings 10:9
42. What were the things that turned Solomon’s heart from God?  Riches*, horses, and his wives that worshipped other gods  *pesos for Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Songs/ Solomon
43. Who is Christ in the book of 1 Kings?   A Greater than Solomon
And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to prove him with hard questions. 1 Kings 10:1
The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.  Matthew 12:42
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(Proverbs, Ecclesiasties, and Song of Solomon
are books of poetry that have been put here because this is where they fit chronologically.)
44. What is the key word for the book of Proverbs?   Wisdom
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy is understanding.  Proverbs 9:10
45. What is the fear of the Lord?  The Fear of the Lord is the awareness that God is watching, weighing, and rewarding all that I  do, say, or think. (2 Chron. 16:9; Prov. 16:2; Rev. 22:12)
46. What is Christ in the book of Proverbs?   Wisdom Personified
...Christ;  In whom are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. Colossians 2:3
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47. What is the key word for Ecclesiastes?   Vanity
Vanity of vanities, saith the preacher; all is vanity. Ecclesiastes 12:8
48. Who is Christ in the book of Ecclesiastes?   Our abundant Life
1 Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh,  13 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man. 14 For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil. Ecclesiasties 12:1,
The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly. John 10:10
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49. What is the key word in the book of Song of Solomon?   Love in marriage
I am my beloved's, and his desire is toward me. Song of Solomon 7:10
50. Who is Christ in Song of Solomon?   Our Groom
This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church. Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself…  Ephesians 5:32-33
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51. What is the key word for 2 Kings?   Exile
And the LORD said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there.  2 Kings 23:27
52. Who is Christ in the book of 2 Kings?   The Cleansing Flow
Then went he down, and dipped himself seven times in Jordan, according to the saying of the man of God: and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child, and he was clean. 2 Kings 5:14
But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. 1 John 1:7
53. What story does that (q.52) picture of Christ come from?   The story of Elisha and Naman the leper in 2 Kings chapter five.
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54. What is the key word for 2 Chronicles?   Editorial on Judah
For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to shew himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward him. Herein thou hast done foolishly: therefore from henceforth thou shalt have wars. 2 Chronicles 16:9
55. When does the book of 2 Chronicles take place?   It records the same events recorded in      1 & 2 Kings.
56. Who is Christ in the book of 2 Chronicles?   The Temple
Thus Solomon finished the house of the LORD, and the king's house: and all that came into Solomon's heart to make in the house of the LORD, and in his own house, he prosperously effected. (12) And the LORD appeared to Solomon by night, and said unto him, I have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place to myself for an house of sacrifice. 2 Chronicles 7:11-12
And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. Revelation 21:22
- - -Major and Minor Prophets- - -
57. How are the prophetic books arranged?   They are divided into five major prophets and twelve minor prophets
58. Why are the major prophets called that?   Because they are longer than the minor prophets
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59. What is the key word for the book of Obadiah?   Brother’s keeper
For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever. Obadiah 10
60. Who was the book written to?   Edom, the descendants of Esau (Jacob/Israel’s brother), who helped Judah’s enemies when Jerusalem was being attacked
61. Who is Christ in the book of Obadiah?   Our Avenger
For the day of the LORD is near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head. Obadiah 15
(30) For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people. (31) It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God. Hebrews 10:30-31
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62. What is the key word for the book of Joel?   Plague of locust
Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for it is nigh at hand; Joel 2:1
63. Who is Christ in the book of Joel?   Judge of the Nations
Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about.  Joel 3:12
And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: (33) And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.  Matthew 25:32-33
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64. What is the key word for the book of Jonah?   Fish
But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving; I will pay that that I have vowed. Salvation is of the LORD.  Jonah 2:9
65. What happened in the four chapters of Jonah?   Fleeing from God, Inside the fish, Salvation preached in Nineveh, Heat stroke on the hillside
66. Who is Christ in the book of Jonah?   The One buried and risen
Now the LORD had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly  of the fish three days and three nights. Jonah 1:17
For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.  Matthew 12:40
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67. What two books were written to the northern kingdom of Israel?  HA. HA, Hosea and Amos (these two books were written to the northern kingdom of Israel)

68. What is the key word for the book of Amos?   Plumb line
Thus he shewed me: and, behold, the Lord stood upon a wall made by a plumbline, with a plumbline in his hand. (8) And the LORD said unto me, Amos, what seest thou? And I said, A plumbline. Then said the Lord, Behold, I will set a plumbline in the midst of my people Israel: I will not again pass by them any more:  Amos 7:7-8
69. What did the plumb line represent?   God’s righteous standard
70. Who is Christ in the book of Amos?   A Chastener
You only have I known of all the families of the earth: therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities. Amos 3:2
For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.  Hebrews 12:4
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71. What is the key word in Hosea?   Harlot
For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings. But they like men have transgressed the covenant: there have they dealt treacherously against me. Hosea 6:6-7
72. What was the name of Hosea’s wife?   God told Hosea to marry Gomer, an unfaithful woman. Then he demonstrated God’s love and faithfulness by loving her and buying her back after she had left him and become a slave.
73. What is Christ in the book of Hosea?   A redeeming Husband
Then said the LORD unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend, yet an adulteress, according to the love of the LORD toward the children of Israel, who look to other gods, and love flagons of wine. So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and for an homer of barley, and an half homer of barley: Hosea 3:1-2
Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: 1 Peter 1:18-19
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74. What is the key word for the book of Isaiah?   Groan and glory
The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;  Isaiah 60:1-2
75. How many chapters are in the book of Isaiah?   There are 66, the same number as in the
Bible. The first 39 groan over Israel’s sins and the last 27 glory over its future
76. Who is Christ in the book of Isaiah?   The Holy One
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth   Isaiah 10:20
Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God. Luke 4:34
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77. What is the key word for the book of Micah?   Day in court
(1) Hear ye now what the LORD saith; Arise, contend thou before the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice. (2) Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD'S controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel. … (8) He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God? Micah 6:1-2,8
78. Whose day in court was it?   It was Judah’s day in God’s court. Micah  prosecuted them, and they were found guilty.
79. Who is Christ in the book of Micah?   A Ruler from Bethlehem
(1) Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, … (4) And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born. (5) And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet, (6) And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.  Matthes 2:1,4-6 quoting Micah 5:2.
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80. What is the key word for the book of Nahum?   Flood
The LORD is good, a strong hold F3 in the day of trouble; and he knoweth them that trust in him. (8) But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies.  Nahum 1:7-8
81. Who was the book of Nahum written to?   Nineveh, the capital of the Assyrian empire
82. Who is Christ in the book of Nahum?   A patient Judge
The LORD is slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all acquit the wicked:  Nahum 1:3a
The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. (10) But the day of the Lord will come… 2 Peter 2:9-10
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83. What is the key word in the book of Zephaniah?   Day of the Lord
Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord GOD: for the day of the LORD is at hand:  Zephaniah 1:7a
84. What are the two concepts associated with the Day of the Lord?   Kingdom and judgment
85. Who is Christ in the book of Zephaniah?   A Rewarder of deeds
And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil. Zephaniah 1:12
And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.
Revelation 22:12
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86. What is the key word for Jeremiah?   Rotten sash
Take the girdle that thou hast got, which is upon thy loins, and arise, go to Euphrates, and hide it there in a hole of the rock. ... after many days, ... I went to Euphrates, and digged, and took the girdle from the place where I had hid it: and, behold, the girdle was marred, it was profitable for nothing. 8 Then the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, … This evil people … shall even be as this girdle, which is good for nothing.  Jeremiah 13:4-13
87. What did the rotten sash represent?   How useless Judah’s sin made them
88. Who is Christ in the book of Jeremiah?   The Living Waters
For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, and hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water.  Jeremiah 2:13
… If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water. John 4:10
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89. What is the key word for Habakkuk?   Watchtower
I will stand upon my watch, and set me upon the tower, and will watch to see what he will say unto me, and what I shall answer when I am reproved. Habakkuk 2:1
90. What was Habakkuk watching for?   He was watching and waiting for an answer to a question that he had asked God.
91. Who is Christ in the book of Habakkuk?   The Object of our faith
Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith. Habakkuk 2:4
For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. Romans 1:17
But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith. Galatians 3:11
Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. Hebrews 10:38
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91. What is the key word for the book of Isaiah?   Groan and glory
The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;  Isaiah 60:1-2
92. How many chapters are in the book of Isaiah?   There are 66, the same number as in the Bible. The first 39 groan over Israel’s sins and the last 27 glory over its future
93. Who is Christ in the book of Isaiah?   The Holy One
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth   Isaiah 10:20
Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God. Luke 4:34
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94. What is the key word for Lamentation?   Tears
The joy of our heart is ceased; our dance is turned into mourning. The crown is fallen from our head: woe unto us, that we have sinned!  Lamentations 5:14-15
95. Who wrote Lamentations?   Jeremiah
96. Why was he lamenting?   He was lamenting/mourning because of the destruction of  Jerusalem
97. Who is Christ in the book of Lamentations?   A Mother Hen
How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! how is she become as a widow! she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary!   … How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! how is she become as a widow! she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary!   Lamentations 1:1,8a
How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! how is she become as a widow! she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary!   Matthew 23:37-38
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98. What is the key word for the book of Daniel?   Dreams
Blessed be the name of God for ever and ever: for wisdom and might are his: (21) And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:  Daniel 2:20b-21
99. When was the book of Daniel written?   It was written about the time during  the
      Babylonian captivity of Israel
100. Who is Christ in the book of Daniel?   A Stone
And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever. (45) Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.  Daniel 2:44-45
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101. What is the key word for the book of Ezekiel?   Dry bones
Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts. … (13) And ye shall know that I am the LORD, …  (14) And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, saith the LORD.   Ezekiel 37:11,13a,14

102. Who is Christ in the  book of Ezekiel?   The Glory of God
Then brought he me the way of the north gate before the house: and I looked, and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD: and I fell upon my face.  Ezekiel 44:4
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103. What is the key word for the book of Ezra?   Temple/people
Then rose up Zerubbabel ... and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem: and with them were the prophets of God helping them.  Ezra 5:2
For Ezra had prepared his heart to seek the law of the LORD, and to do it, and to teach in Israel statutes and judgments. Ezra 7:10
104. What two men does the book of Ezra tell about?   It tells about Zerubbabel, who returned  to rebuild the temple, and Ezra, who helped restore the people
105. Who is Christ in the book of Ezra?   Our Restorer
For we were bondmen; yet our God hath not forsaken us in our bondage, but hath extended mercy unto us in the sight of the kings of Persia, to give us a reviving, to set up the house of our God, and to repair the desolations thereof, and to give us a wall in Judah and in Jerusalem.  Ezra 9:9
He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake  Psalm 23:3
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106. What is the key word for the book of Zechariah?   Messiah
Thus saith the LORD; I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the LORD of hosts the holy mountain. Zechariah 8:3
107. What was Zechariah’s mission and message?   He wanted to encourage the people to finish rebuilding the temple because the Messiah was coming to dwell in it.
108. Who is Christ in the book of Zechariah?   The coming Messiah
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. Zechariah 9:9
This took place to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet: 5 "Say to the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold your king is coming to you, gentle, and mounted on a donkey, even on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.’ ”  Matthew 21:4-5
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109. What is the key word for the book of Haggai?   Temple
Is it time for you, O ye, to dwell in your cieled [paneled] houses, and this house lie waste? Now therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways.   Haggai 1:4-5
110. What was the message of Haggai?   “Consider your ways.”  Why are you living in your paneled houses when God’s house is still unfinished?
111. Who is Christ in the book of Haggai?   The Signet of the Father
'On that day,' declares the LORD of hosts, 'I will take you, Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, My servant,' declares the LORD, 'and I will make you like a signet {ring,} for I have chosen you,' " declares the LORD of hosts. Haggai 2:23
God, ... Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, ... Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; Hebrews 1:1-3
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113. What is the key word for the book of Esther?   Queen of Persia
For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then shall there enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place; but thou and thy father's house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as this?  Esther 4:14
114. What is Christ in the book of Esther?   Our Advocate  
And the king said again unto Esther ... What is thy petition, queen Esther? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? and it shall be performed, even to the half of the kingdom. (3) Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, ... let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request: 4 For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. Esther 2:2-4
And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:  1 John 2:1b
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115. What is the key word for the book of Nehemiah?   Wall
And it came to pass, that when all our enemies heard thereof, and all the heathen that were about us saw these things, they were much cast down in their own eyes: for they perceived that this work was wrought of our God.    Nehemiah 6:16
116. Who is Christ in the book of Nehemiah?   Our Strength
Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for this day is holy unto our Lord: neither be ye sorry; for the joy of the LORD is your strength.  Nehemiah 8:10
I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me.  Philippians 4:13
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117. What is the key word for the book of Malachi?   Hearts of stone
Have we not all one father? hath not one God created us? why do we deal treacherously every man against his brother, by profaning the covenant of our fathers?  Malachi 2:10
118. Who is Christ in the book of Malachi?   Fuller’s Soap
But who may abide the day of His coming? and who shall stand when He appeareth? for He is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap: Malachi 3:2
And after six days Jesus taketh with him Peter, and James, and John, and leadeth them up into an high mountain apart by themselves: and he was transfigured before them. And his raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow; so as no fuller on earth can white them.  Mark 9:2-3
119. How many years were between Malachi and Christ’s birth.  About 400 years
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