INTERVARSITY PRESS DAILY BIBLE STUDY—Lesson 16
Sorry for the inconvenience of not posting the IVP questions. Intervarsity Press asked that I not repost their study so that it will drive traffic to their site. Use the link above to access the core questions for this study.
For further consideration:
ID: Inductive Questions (Asking the text questions like who, what, where, when, why, & how?”)
CR: Cross References (Comparing Scripture to Scripture, understanding the vague by the clear.)
WS: Word Study (Understanding definition, theological meaning, and usages in other passages.)
ID: (25:1-9) Make a list of materials were gathered in the first nine verses.
CR (25:18-22; 26:31) There were cherubs (kĕruwb) on the mercy/atonement seat and on curtains in The Tabernacle. Use a concordance to see how are they described in other places in the Bible? What did they symbolize or represent in the Tabernacle?
Mercy (Atonement) Seat: The noun is כַּפֹּרֶת (kapporet), translated “atonement lid” or “atonement plate.” The traditional translation “mercy-seat” (so KJV, ASV, NASB, NRSV) came from Tyndale in 1530 and was also used by Luther in 1523. The noun is formed from the word “to make atonement.” The item that the Israelites should make would be more than just a lid for the ark. It would be the place where atonement was signified. The translation of “covering” is probably incorrect, for it derives from a rare use of the verb, if the same verb at all (the evidence shows “cover” is from another root with the same letters as this). The value of this place was that Yahweh sat enthroned above it, and so the ark essentially was the “footstool.” Blood was applied to the lid of the box, for that was the place of atonement (see S. R. Driver, Exodus, 269-270). --NET Bible Translation Notes for Exodus 25:17
The writer to the Hebrews talks about the arrangement of the tabernacle of the Old Testament. The tabernacle was the portable sanctuary used by the Israelites from the time of their wandering in the wilderness after the Exodus from Egypt to the building of the temple in Jerusalem (see ). Within the tabernacle was the ark of the covenant which included the mercy seat (). Read more at https://www.gotquestions.org/mercy-seat.html
Cheribum: “The evidence suggests that the cherubim were composite angelic creatures that always indicated the nearness of God. So here images of them were to be crafted and put on each end of the ark of the covenant to signify that they were there. Ezekiel 1 describes four cherubim as each having human faces, four wings, and parts of different animals for their bodies. Traditions of them appear in the other cultures as well. They serve to guard the holy places and to bear the throne of God. Here they were to be beaten out as part of the lid.” --NET Bible Translation Notes for Exodus 25:18.
Cherubim/cherubs are angelic beings involved in the worship and praise of God. The cherubim are first mentioned in the Bible in , “After He drove the man out, He placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.” Prior to his rebellion, Satan was a cherub (). The tabernacle and temple along with their articles contained many representations of cherubim (; , ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ).
Read more at: https://www.gotquestions.org/cherubim.html