Saturday, January 23, 2010

Fri 100122 pm Jer 45-46

Jeremiah 45

Jeremiah 46
46.2 Carchemish
Meaning: fortress of Chemosh, 
a city on the west bank of the Euphrates (Jer. 46:2; 2 Chr. 35:20), not, as was once supposed, the Circesium at the confluence of the Chebar and the Euphrates, but a city considerably higher up the river, and commanding the ordinary passage of the Euphrates; probably identical with Hierapolis
It was the capital of the kingdom of the northern Hittites. The Babylonian army, under Nebuchadnezzar, the son of Nabopolassar, here met and conquered the army of Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt (B.C. 607). It is mentioned in monuments in B.C. 1600 and down to B.C. 717.  --WebBible Encyclopedia ---
The Old Testament gives later details. In the time of Josiah, Pharaoh Necoh marched to fight against the city, and the Jewish king went out to meet him, but lost his life at Megiddo (2 Chronicles 35:20). Four years later (605 BC), the Egyptian king was himself defeated by Nebuchadrezzar under the walls of the city (Jeremiah 46:2) in the battle which decided the fate of Western Asia.  ---ISBE 1915
46.9 Cush...   Land of Cush — The term Cush is in the Old Testament generally applied to the countries south of the Israelites. It was the southern limit of Egypt (Ezek. 29:10, A.V. "Ethiopia," Hebrew: Cush), with which it is generally associated (Ps. 68:31Isa. 18:1Jer. 46:9, etc.).

It stands also associated with Elam (Isa. 11:11), with Persia (Ezek. 38:5), and with the Sabeans (Isa. 45:14).
From these facts it has been inferred that Cush included Arabia and the country on the west coast of the Red Sea. Rawlinson takes it to be the country still known as Khuzi-stan, on the east side of the Lower Tigris. But there are intimations which warrant the conclusion that there was also a Cush in Africa, the Eth iopia (so called by theGreeks) of Africa.  ----WebBible Encyclopedia --
46.9 Put...   A land or people from among whom came a portion of the mercenary troops of Egypt, Jer. 46:9 (A.V., “Libyans,” but correctly, R.V., “Put”); Ezek. 27:1030:5 (A.V., "Libya;" R.V., “Put”); 38:5Nahum 3:9.
46.14  Migdol...
A strongly-fortified place 12 miles from Pelusium, in the north of Egypt (Jer. 44:146:14). This word is rendered “tower” in Ezek. 29:10, but the margin correctly retains the name Migdol, “from Migdol to Syene;” i.e., from Migdol in the north to Syene in the south, in other words, the whole of Egypt.  --
In Jeremiah 44:146:14, a Migdol is noticed with Memphis, and with Tahpanhes Septuagint "Taphnas"), this latter being supposed to be the Daphnai of Greek writers, now Tell Defeneh, West of Qantarah. The same place is probably intended in Ezekiel 29:1030:6 (compare 30:15-18), the borders of Egypt being defined as reaching "from Migdol to Syene" (see the Revised Version margin), as understood by the Septuagint translators. The Antonine Itinerary places Migdol 12 miles South of Pelusium, and the site appears to have been at or near Tell es Samut, the Egyptian name, according to Brugsch (Hist, II, 351), being Samut. This Migdol was thus apparently a "watchtower" on the main road along the coast from Palestine, which is called (Exodus 13:17) "the way of the land of the Philistines," entering Egypt near Daphnai.  --
46.14  Memphis &  Tahpanhes...  
Warnings were to go out to the major cities of Egypt that the same army that had devoured nations around her was coming. The cities are the same as those mentioned in 43:7-9 and 44:1 where Judeans had fled for safety (cf. 2:16).  --
46.25  Amon of Thebes...
Amon is identified with Ra, the sun-god of Heliopolis. Amon was an Egyptian god, usually depicted with a human body and the head of a ram. Amon is referred to in Jer. 46:25, where the King James Bible uses the word “multitudes” instead of the more appropriate translation “Amon” used in other translations, including the New King James Version. Similarly, in the King James version of Nah. 3:8 the expression “populous No” is used instead of the more appropriate translation, “No-Amon” or “Thebes,” as in other translations. In each case, the Hebrew word is “Amown” (Amon).
 The sovereign Yahweh, Israel's God, announced that He would punish the gods, rulers, and people of Egypt. Amon was the chief deity of No (Gr. Thebes), the capital of Upper Egypt. Even though there is as yet no historical evidence that Nebuchadnezzar advanced this far in his conquest of Egypt, his invasion affected the whole nation.  ---

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