Saturday, May 26, 2012

Proverbs 10.1-16 / Carpenter Flock Sunday School notes for 120527@TBC

10.1.   The Proverbs of  Solomon..... is the title of the section  or chapters 10-22.16

10.1   father...mother...   does not pertain uniquely to the father or uniquely to the mother (17.21, 25; 23.25).
10.2  "Paradoxically, the wicked use others to store of physical assets for themselves and lose their lives, and the righteous use their resources to serve others and store up life for themselves."  --Bruce Waltke, NICOT
10.2-3  The outer frame is the wicked and the inner frame the righteous.  A similar order is found in 10.4-5.
10.3  profit nothing...   The meaning of this is clarified by the contrasting line's reference to death.  
10.4-5     This set of proverbs emphasized the temporal value of wealth and the importance to be diligent.
10.5  Note the contrast between wise and shame.  "The one who gathers is wise, but the one who sleeps is not called a fool as we would expect; instead, he is a shameful son.  Substitution s like this are a kind of association.
Application:   " Verses 4-5 balance the ethical and theological assertions of vv. 2-3 with practical theology: diligence versus sloth (v.4) and the necessity of timely work (v.5)"  --Bruce Waltke, NICOT
How do we teach our children to place the proper importance on getting money/wealth with its lack of eternal value?

10.6-14  The subunit on communication features body parts (head, mouth, heart, lips (prating, babbling) eyes, back.  Both 6 & 14 mention the mouth which forms an inclusio*.
* is a literary device where word or concepts are repeated at the start and finish of an idea and these work as bookends or an envelop to enclose a concept or idea.

10.6b  Violence covers (overwhelms) the mouth of the violent...  ylt, kjv, nkjv, niv84   "the deeds of violence that have gone out forth from them are given back to the m in curses and malediction."  K&D

10.6b  The mouth of the wicked conceals violence... nasb, esv, nlt, net   "He speaks words of blessing while thoughts of malediction lurk behind them (Psa. 62:5)"  --K&D  
Though both readings may be grammatically possible, the context would seem to favor this reading (esp. in 10.11).
10.7  will rot...  "The metaphor was probably chosen to associate the annihilation of the name/memory of wicked people with their corrupting bodies in the grave."  ---Bruce Waltke, NICOT
10.6-7  There seems to be a connections between 6b & 7b.  The mouth the conceals wickedness belongs to someone whose memory will rot.  What we say and do fit together with consequences.
10.8a & 9a  receive commands...walks securely...   "the educability or the wise, and v. 9a their consequent security." --Bruce Waltke
10.8  prating [kjv, nkjv], babbling [nasb, esv, nlt], chattering [niv]...  tn Heb “fool of lips.” The phrase is a genitive of specification: “a fool in respect to lips.” The term “lips” is a metonymy of cause (= lips) for effect (= speech). This person talks foolishness; he is too busy talking to pay attention to instruction.  --NET Bible translation notes
10.9  Lit. "He walks right, walks safe"
10.9  perverts waits [ylt, kjv, nasb, nkjv, net], crooked [esv, niv84, nlt]...  He will eventually be found out and brought to disgrace/shame.  "loss of reputation"  ---Paul Koptak, NIVAC

10:10  Bruce Waltke calls this a “janus” proverb, one that both ends the preceding section and begins a new section, looking both backwards and forwards.
 10.10  "two kinds of bad communication: malicious, secretive gestures and prattling chatter."  --Bruce Waltke, NICOT
10.10b  fall...  Strong's H3832 - labat ;  (Niphal) to be thrust down, be thrust away, be thrown down, be cast aside

10.11b, 12b  The word covers (conceals)...  connects verses 11 & 12.   There is also and chiastic type pattern with the negative parts in the middle with the positive traits and the beginning and end.  Note how violence and strife go together as does wisdom and love.
 10.11a  The mouth of the righteous (here), the teaching of the wise (13.14), and the fear of the LORD (14.27) "refreshes and maintains life."  ---Paul Koptak, NIVAC
How does that contrast with the second part?
10.12  covers (or conceals)...   The quatrain now probes the sources of good and bad communication to the way people perceive others who have wronged them and son points the way to reconciliation."  ---Bruce Waltke, NICOT
10.13, 14  These verses are linked by the root hlm (hlkma  "wisdom" [13a], hakamim "wise people' [14a]) and by the metonymies for speech, "lips" (v. 13a) and "mouth" (v. 14b).   ---Bruce Waltke, NICOT   
The point is the the foolish (devoid of understanding) only learns the hard way and is always just "a step away" from trouble.
10.13  The wise understand sound speech while fools only understand punishment (c.f. 9:12)  ---Murphy quoted in NIVAC
10.14  Wise people...  The plural suggests the wise act done in concert with others, not as a lone ranger, facing the common threat.  The reticence of the wise to speak (10:19; 11:13; 12:23; 13:16; 15:2; 17:27) must be qualified by the truth that they do not shirk their social responsiblity to share their indispensable knowledge for the life of the community (10:21, 31; 11:10-11; 15:7, 26:5).  ---Bruce Waltke, NICOT

10.15a  wealth...  "Half of the ten occurrences of wealth (hon; see 3:9) in Solomon's proverb instruct the youth to prize it (12:27; 13:7; 19:14; 29:3; c.f. 19:4), and the other half not to trust it."  (13:11; c.f. 28:8, 22; 29:4; 11:4---Bruce Waltke, NICOT
10.15b destruction [ylt, nasb, esv, niv84, net--ruin"The terror (mehittat; see 10:14b) revers to constant suspense, fear, and worry do to imminent ruin."    ---Bruce Waltke, NICOT
10.16b  sin...  "Here, to judge from its parallel, "life," it is a metonymy for the death that clings to sin."  ---Bruce Waltke, NICOT
10.15-16  These verses make a similar point to the one in 10.2-5.

me·ton·y·my  [mi-ton-uh-mee] noun Rhetoric .
a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as “scepter” for “sovereignty,” or “the bottle” for “strong drink,” or “count heads (or noses)” for “count people.”

No comments:

Post a Comment