Saturday, October 27, 2012

Proverbs 15.5-12 - The Consequences of Accepting or Rejecting Instruction

8. Importance of Instruction (15.5-19)
     (a) Consequences of Accepting or Rejecting Instruction (15.5-12)
     (b) The Overcomer's Superiority to Circumstances (15.13-19)

"Verses 5 and 12 form a frame around the subunit.  The catchword correction forms an inclusio and helps trace the development contrasting the wise son who accepts correction to the fool (v. 5) escalated to the mocker who hates wisdom (v. 12).  Three proverbial pairs develop the argument within the frame.  The first contrasts the riches of the righteous with the ruin of the frame.  The first contrasts the riches of the righteous with the ruin of the wicked (vv. 6-7). The second which stands at the center of the sub-unit, give the LORD's moral sensibilities as theological rationale for the first (vv. 8-9), and the third grounds that in his omnipotence and escalates the consequences to life and death (vv. 10-11)."  ---Bruce Waltke in NICOT

Unit Frame
5 A fool rejects his father's discipline
But he who regards reproof is sensible
15.5a  discipline...  Strong's H4148 - muwcar discipline, chastening, correction
15.5b  sensible... Heb “is prudent” (so KJV, NASB, NRSV); NCV, NLT “is wise.”  ---NET Bible translation notes

Why is it foolish to reject a wise father's discipline?  What does a child not see?  What does this imply about a fathers correction?

A. Contrasting the Wicked and Righteous (6-7)
6                                But
Great wealth           trouble
is                                is
in the house             in the income
of the righteous,     of the wicked.
15.6b  income...  The phrase in the wages can mean "in the crop/harvest," but probably in parallel with "wealth" it attenuates its sense to the yield, profit, benefits, accrued by the sinful activity of the wicked  ---Bruce Waltke in NICOT

7 The lips of the wise spread knowledge
But the hearts of fools are not so.  
In addition to having houses filled with great wealth to profit others...   ---Bruce Waltke in NICOT
 15.7a  spread knowledge...  Providing for the physical needs of others is temporary and does not make them self-sufficient.     ---Bruce Waltke in NICOT
> The wise have a perspective and insight to helping people that transends the physical to include wisdom, knowledge, and spiritual well being.
  B. Theological Rationale for the Contrast  (8-9)
8                                                               But
The sacrifice                                          the prayer
of the wicked                                         of the upright
is an abomination to the LORD,       is His delight

15.8a  abomination to the LORD...  ...are hated by the Lord because the worshipers are insincere and blasphemous (e.g., Prov 15:29; 21:3; 28:9; Ps 40:6-8; Isa 1:10-17). In other words, the spiritual condition of the worshiper determines whether or not the worship is acceptable to God.  ---NET Bible study notes
> The wicked hope to manipulate God by ritual magic, not to obtain His mercy by confessing and renouncing their sin (28:13).      ---Bruce Waltke in NICOT

9 The way of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD
But He loves one who pursues righteousness
15.9a  Why is it an abomination?  It does not tell the truth about who God is.
15.9b pursues...  Strong's H7291 - radaph - (Piel) to pursue ardently, aim eagerly to secure, pursue
David was a man after God's own heart.  He pursued righteousness.  Some struggle with sin and slowly progress in the battle.  Others just give in.

C. Omniscient Condemnation (10-11)
Verse 10 escalates the consequences of  instruction to death, and v. 11 grounds its certainty and justice in the LORD's omniscience.      ---Bruce Waltke in NICOT

 10 Grievous punishment is for him who forsakes the way
He who hates reproof will die
Verse 10 draws the conclusion from verses 8-9: "obey (this) instruction before it is too late!"    ---Bruce Waltke in NICOT

 15.10a  grievous punishment...  The two lines are parallel synonymously, so the “severe discipline” of the first colon is parallel to “will die” of the second. The expression מוּסָר רָע (musar ra’, “severe discipline”) indicates a discipline that is catastrophic or harmful to life.    ---NET Bible translation notes
> To the child:  If you do not learn to accept your parent's correction/rebuke, then you will most likely ignore or miss God's correction.

11 Sheol and Abaddon lie open before the LORD
How much more the hearts of men
His omniscience of the human heart and the connection of that knowledge with the grave give the argument a threatening tone.
15:11a  Sheol and Abaddon...  Heb “Sheol and Abaddon” (שְׁאוֹל וַאֲבַדּוֹן (shÿ’ol va’adon); so ASV, NASB, NRSV; cf. KJV “Hell and destruction”; NAB “the nether world and the abyss.” These terms represent the remote underworld and all the mighty powers that reside there (e.g., Prov 27:20; Job 26:6; Ps 139:8; Amos 9:2; Rev 9:11). The Lord knows everything about this remote region.  ---NET Bible translation notes
> The NKJV just transliterates them.

Unit Frame 
12 A scoffer does not love one who reproves him, 
He will not go to the wise.
15.12a  scoffer...The spurning fool of v. 5 is now escalated to the obstinate mocker.  The apostate who abandons the way of life (v. 10) finds a complement in the mocker who will not go to the wise.    ---Bruce Waltke in NICOT

Discussion for Proverbs 15.5-12•    Look at Hebrews 12.5-11. 
•    How can we structure and use the correcting and disciplining of our children to prepare them to be receptive and responsive to God's correction after they are out of our homes?

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