Sunday, April 15, 2012

1 Peter 5.6-14 120415PM@TBC


A. Book Review
& Read 1 Peter 5.10-11
Theme: “Standing in the True Grace”
1. Theology: Our Great Salvation  1.1-2.10
2. Application: Holy Among Unbelievers 2.11-5.14

B. Big Idea  Do we really believe the last half of Matthew 25:31?

(A. Philippians 2.8-9)
8 And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. 9 Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name,
humbled (active voice)
     obedient  (to whom?)  From ὑπακούω (G5219)
9.  exalted

What was the pattern that Jesus set for us?
“valley before the mountain”
“When the small voice tells we can have everything we want, it comes with a hiss.”    —-Ligon Duncan

B. Proverbs 3.31.-35
31     Do not envy the oppressor,
    And choose none of his ways;
32     For the perverse person is an abomination to the Lord,
    But His secret counsel is with the upright.
33     The curse of the Lord is on the house of the wicked,
    But He blesses the home of the just.
34     Surely He scorns the scornful,
    But gives grace to the humble.
35     The wise shall inherit glory,
    But shame shall be the legacy of fools.

31.  Notice the concern being addressed:
        What about the wicked who prosper?
Do not envy / imitate  the oppressor / violent

33.   Note the contrasts
perverse (one who deviates from the way)      abomination
upright                                                                    close confident

34.    curse          wicked
          bless          just  (righteous)

35. deals with the present..
           scorns         the scornful
           grace to       the humble (poor, afflicted)

36.  in the future
             wise            inherit glory
             fools           legacy of shame


A. Read Answer the questions
1 Peter 2:18-23  —  What did Christ do when He suffered?
1 Peter 4:15-19  —  What are we instructed to do when we suffer unjustly?

(B) Read 1 Peter 4.12 thru 5:11 and
identify the words suffering  and the
words glory or crown


“The Greek word translated “clothe” is a rare one that comes from a word referring to the apron that slaves put on over their regular clothes.  This garment prepared them for service…”  —Thomas Constable
“...the figure carries an exhortation to put on humility as a working virtue employed in ministry.”    —Marvin Vincent
Quote from Proverbs 3.34
“resisteth: in the Greek is a military term, used of an army drawn up for battle.”  —K. Wuest
“The word ‘proud’ is the translation of a Greek word which means literally “to show above,” and thus describes the proud person as one who shows himself above others.”    —K. Wuest
A proud man cuts himself off from God’s favor and enablement.

Notice 0ur call to… “submit to God’s working in their lives…”  —Thomas Constable 

ταπεινόω   Strong's G5013 - tapeinoō  a) to level, reduce to a plain  b) metaph. to bring into a humble condition, reduce to meaner circumstances
WUEST—”permit yourselves to be humbled”
“First aorist passive imperative of   [tapeinoo], old verb, for which see Matt. 18:4. Peter here is in the role of a preacher of humility.  “Be humbled.’  “  —A.T. Robertson

James 1.2-3
2 My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials, 3 knowing that the testing of your faith produces patience. 4 But let patience have its perfect work, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking nothing.   *uJpomonhv lit. abide under

“A phrase found nowhere else in the New Testament, but occurring in the Septuagint, Ex. 3:19; Deut. 3:24; Job 30:21). “   —Marvin Vincent
“Under the might hand of God… Common O.T. picture (Ex. 3.19; 20:33, etc)”   —A. T. Robertson

Phil. 2.9

due time
Same phrase in Matt. 24:45.
44 Therefore you also be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect. 45 "Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his master made ruler over his household, to give them food in due season? 46 Blessed is that servant whom his master, when he comes, will find so doing.

2. Our call to commit our souls to God  (v.7)
“5:7This verse does not introduce a new command but explains how to humble oneself: by entrusting oneself and one’s troubles to God (Ps. 55:22; cf. Matt. 6:25-34; Phil. 4:6). We can do this because we have confidence that God cares for our welfare.”  —Thomas Constable
“These Christians were undergoing such persecution that the circumstances in which they found themselves gave abundant opportunity for that sin called worry.”   —K. Wuest

“The aorist participle denoting an act once for all; throwing the whole life with its care on him.”  —Marvin Vincent
“…only here and Luke 19:35 (casting their clothes on the colt)…”  —-A.T. Robertson
Psalm 55.22
Cast your burden on the Lord, And He shall sustain you;
He shall never permit the righteous to be moved.
Impersonal verb melei [melei] (present active indicative) with dative autw, [autōi] “it is a care to him.”  —A.T. Robertson

3. The caution against Satan’s attacks

In Genesis chapter three Satan introduced “the Lie” to Eve to question whether what God said was true.

It began a battle between the Truth and the Lie.

“Peter’s readers were in danger from him if they gave in to his temptation to regard their suffereings as an indication of god’s disinterest or ill will (cf. James 1.13).”  —Thomas Constable

We should respect him (‘be of a sober spirit,’ v.8)
We should recognize Satan (‘be on the alert,’ v.8)
We should resist  Satan (v.9)
  —Thomas Constable

“Do you believe that what you believe is really real?     Dale Tackett in The Truth Project

νήφω   Strong's G3525 - nēphō    signifies "to be free from the influence of intoxicants;" in the NT, metaphorically, of moral "alertness," (it does not in itself imply watchfulness, but is used in association with it)
NIV84—self-controlled; NLT—alert

γρηγορέω   Strong's G1127 - grēgoreō   the meaning here is that of vigilance and expectancy as contrasted with laxity and indifference.  1) to watch  2) metaph. give strict attention to
YLT, KJV, NKJV—vigilant; NASB, NIV84, NET—alert;
ESV—watchful; NLT—watch
Mark 13:35 and 1 Thess. 5.6

4. The exhortation to resist Satan (v.9)

“The Greek word translated “resist” means “to withstand, to be firm against someone else’s onset: rather than “to strive against that one.”  —K. Wuest

The word “steadfast” is a military term.  Paul uses it in Colossians 2:3 when he says “beholding your order,” that is, “beholding your solid front or close phalanx.” … The word speaks of solidity in the very mass and body of the thing itself.”  —K. Wuest
“Steadfast is Anglo-Saxon, stede, a place, and faest, fast; and hence means firm in its place; but stepeoi  conveys also the sense of compactness, compact solidarity, and is appropriate, since a number of individuals are addressed and exhorted to withstand the onset of Satan as one compacted body.”    —Marvin Vincent.

5. The reassurance of our suffering brothers  (vrs. the Elijah complex)
1 Kings 19. 10 (14)
the Lord came to him, and He said to him, "What are you doing here, Elijah?" "I have been very zealous for the Lord God of hosts; for the children of Israel have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and killed Your prophets with the sword. I alone am left; and they seek to take my life."

“More correctly, are being accomplished.  The present infinitive denotes something in process of accomplishment.”  —Marvin Vincent

your brothers, brotherhood (in a universal sense)

6. The Benediction to summarize these truths (v.10)

the God of grace (enablement)
The God who Called us/you … to what? 
What kind of glory … eternal
What kind of suffering … a little while
(The suffering has an end.)
The glory is eternal

“Called us” is “called you” in most versions
“Both our calling and our glory are in Christ.  God will
make us complete (Gr. kataritizo, “to mend [nets],” Matt. 4.21)
establish us,
strengthen us for service,
and give us peace in His will.”    —Thomas Constable

The words “make you perfect” are not the translation of the Greek word teleioo (teleioo) which means “to perfect” in the sense of “to make spiritually mature and complete, “but from a word meaning “to fit or join together.”  ...  The word was used of James and John mending their nets, thus equipping them for useful service.”  —K. Wuest

similar word to steadfast in 5.9.


“From temeliw’sei, a foundation.  The radical notion of the word is, therefore, to ground securely.  It occurs in Matt. 7:25, of the house founded on a rock…”  —Marvin Vincent

v. 11
κράτος   Strong's G2904 - kratos   1) force, strength   2) power, might: a mighty deed   3) dominion
YLT, NIV84,WET, NLT, NET—power;
KJV, NASB, NKJV, ESV—dominion
bia G970—force, effective, often oppressive power exhibiting itself in single deeds of violence
dunamis G1411 - power, natural ability, general and inherent
energeia G1753 - working, power in exercise, operative power
exousia G1849 - primarily liberty of action; then authority — either as delegated power, or as unrestrained, arbitrary power
 ischus G2479 - strength, power, (especially physical) as an endowment
kratos G2904 - might, relative and manifested power — in the NT chiefly of God

IV. Three truths to remember
Humble sufferings now
but glory to come.
Commit yourselves
to the caring God.
Stand in His true grace


1 Peter 5.10-11
But may the God of all grace,
who called us to His eternal glory
by Christ Jesus,
after you have suffered a while,
perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you.
To Him be the glory and the dominion
forever and ever.     Amen.

“ ‘Babylon’ may refer to Babylon on the Euphrates River.  However this seems more likely to be a veiled, metaphorical reference to Rome where Peter spent the last years of his life.  The technical name for this figure of speech (i.e. a code name) is atbash.  We know that John ‘Mark’ was in Rom (Col. 4:10).   …   The Bible uses Babylon as a symbol of ungodliness as well as the name of a real town (Rev. 17-18).  Similarly the name Hollywood is both a literal town name and the symbol of the industry for which the town is famous.”     —Thomas Constable

This affectionate kissing was normally on the cheeks, forehead, or hands.  We can assume such to be the practice here.  ...In calling it the ‘kiss of love’ Peter not openly brings out the meaning of kiss (‘kiss,’ philema in Greek, comes from phileo, a verb indicating familial and friendly as opposed to erotic love), but also expresses the proper relationship among the members of the Christian community (‘love’ here is the typical Christian term for love, agape, used also in 1:22; 4:8).  —Davids, Peter H. The First Epistle of Peter. New International Commentary on the New Testament series. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1990.
The practice was liable to abuse as Clement of Alexandria shows when he says, “love is judged not in a kiss but in good will.  Some do nothing but fill the church with noise of kissing.  There is a another—impure—kiss of venom pretending to holiness.”  Therefore the practice was regulated, men kissed men only, and the custom gradually dwindled.  —K. Wuest
“The abuse of this custom led ti its confinement to men with men and women with women and to its final abandonment (Apost. Const. 11.57, 12).”  —A.T. Robertson
‘love’ here is the typical Christian term for love, agape, used also in 1:22; 4:8).  —Davids, Peter H. The First Epistle of Peter. New International Commentary on the New Testament series. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1990.

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