Lesson 16 - “Those Who Hate You” - Luke 6:27-38
ID: Inductive Questions (Asking the text questions like who, what, where, when, why, & how?”)
CR: Cross References (Comparing Scripture to Scripture, understanding the vague by the clear.)
WS: Word Study (Understanding definition, theological meaning, and usages in other passages.)
The WORD: What does the Bible say?
1. Context: Read Luke 6:20-49 and think about how it compares with Matthew. What does he include and leave out (especially verses Luke 6:27-36 with Matthew 5:39-46)?
2. ID: (27-28) What are the four types of people in these verses? What responses should we have to these four types of people? (What are other Scriptures that reinforce these statements? Also, think about how each response fits its particular offence? Are other pairs not mentioned?).
3. ID: (29) Does smiting the cheek refer primary to an attack or an insult? (Check the commentaries for help.)
4. ID: (30) What should we do if someone takes something from us? Why might this statement make us so uncomfortable? Does this mean we should never attempt to recover stolen property?
5. CR: (30) Who should we give to? (Job 31:16-23; Proverbs 21:25-26; Matthew 5: 40-42; Ephesians 4:28; 1 John 3:16-17) How do we reconcile or synthesize this verse with 2 Thessalonians 3:10 and the verses from Proverbs condemning slothfulness.
6. ID (35-36) What reasons are given for loving and loaning (giving) to your enemies?
7. WS: (36) What does it mean to be merciful (oiktirmon)? (Romans 9:15; James 5:11) (Tip: Compare this word with other Greek words translated mercy).
8. ID: (37-38) What general kind of disposition or spirit does the statements in verses 37-38 describe?
The WALK: What should I do?
1. Can you think of anyone who is your enemy, who dislikes you, who curses you, or who spitefully uses you?
2. Can you remember a time you have done something “nice” or good to/for someone who dislikes you, curses you, or spitefully uses you?
3. If loving those who love us doesn’t count for much, how much “love credit” are you building up by loving difficult people in your life?
4. In verses 32-36 we find the phrase “what credit is that to you” three times before saying in verse 35 that if we will love like this our reward will be great. Why the focus on credit and reward?
Ponder this: “The important thing is not that we are vindicated before our enemies but that we become more like God in our character (Luke 6:35).” ---Warren Wiersbe in The Bible Exposition Commnetary
Chicago Statement on Biblical Hermeneutics with commentary by Norman L. Geisler
WE AFFIRM that Scripture communicates God's truth to us verbally through a wide variety of literary forms.
WE DENY that any of the limits of human language render Scripture inadequate to convey God's message.
WE AFFIRM that translations of the text of Scripture can communicate knowledge of God across all temporal and cultural boundaries.
WE DENY that the meaning of biblical texts is so tied to the culture out of which they came that understanding of the same meaning in other cultures is impossible.
WE AFFIRM that in the task of translating the Bible and teaching it in the context of each culture, only those functional equivalents which are faithful to the content of biblical teaching should be employed.
WE DENY the legitimacy of methods which either are insensitive to the demands of cross-cultural communication or distort biblical meaning in the process.