Lesson 13 - “Another’s Servant” - Romans 14:1-13
ID: Inductive Questions (Asking the text questions like who, what, where, when, why, & how?”)
CR: Cross References (Comparing Scripture to Scripture, understanding the vague by the clear.)
WS: Word Study (Understanding definition, theological meaning, and usages in other passages.)
The WORD: What does the Bible say?
1. Context: Read Romans 13:8-13, this lesson’s passage, Romans 14:1-13, and Romans 14:14-15:7.
2. ID: (3) In this passage, who does the expression “weak” refer to? (Notice that the text says weak “in the faith” and not weak “in faith.” How is that important?)
3. ID: (1, 5) What were the two big issues or controversies mentioned in this passage?
4. ID: (1, 3) What wrong attitudes were evident among “the weak” and among the strong (free)?
5. WS: v. 5 “One person esteems one day as better than another, while another esteems all days alike.” Why would we be satisfied to be convinced (plerophoreo) of different practices? Shouldn’t everybody agree on these issues? (v. 23)
6. ID: (5b-6) What should the people with different convictions about a doubtful (disputable) things both do?
7. ID: (3, 10, 13) What obligation(s) do the strong (free) have to the weak?
8. ID: (3-4, 10-13) What obligation(s) do the weak have to the stong (free)?
9. CR: (10) Why should Christians stop judging and showing contempt for one another? (Romans 14:11 and Philippians 2:10 both quote or allude to Isaiah 45:23.)
The WALK: What should I do?
1. How do we distinguish between doubtful things like food and holidays and sins that are wrong for everyone? (Should we even try to?)
2. Can you think of areas where your personal convictions in an area would classify you as a “weaker?” Have you ever felt that people have “looked down” on you because of those personal convictions? Do you ever find yourself “judging” others in doubtful matters?
3. Are there currently situations where you need to curtail your freedom in order to avoid putting a stumbling block (1 Corinthians 8:9) in the way of a brother?
4. What do you think are some root causes to disagreements about things like music, drinking, and child raising practices, etc.?
After writing the “Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy” the International Council on Biblical Inerrancy went on to produce another significant statement: The “Chicago Statement on Biblical Hermeneutics” in 1982 for the purposes of clarifying hermeneutical principles and practices. Page two of our lessons will feature parts of that statement.
Page 2 --------------------------------------------------------------
Chicago Statement on Biblical Hermeneutics with commentary by Norman L. Geisler
WE AFFIRM that the normative authority of Holy Scripture is the authority of God Himself, and is attested by Jesus Christ, the Lord of the Church.
WE DENY the legitimacy of separating the authority of Christ from the authority of Scripture, or of opposing the one to the other.
WE AFFIRM that as Christ is God and Man in One Person, so Scripture is, indivisibly, God's Word in human language.
WE DENY that the humble, human form of Scripture entails errancy any more than the humanity of Christ, even in His humiliation, entails sin.
WE AFFIRM that the Person and work of Jesus Christ are the central focus of the entire Bible.
WE DENY that any method of interpretation which rejects or obscures the Christ-centeredness of Scripture is correct.