Lesson 14 - “Things that Make for Peace” - Romans 14:14-23
ID: Inductive Questions (Asking the text questions like who, what, where, when, why, & how?”)
CR: Cross References (Comparing Scripture to Scripture, understanding the vague by the clear.)
WS: Word Study (Understanding definition, theological meaning, and usages in other passages.)
The WORD: What does the Bible say?
1. Context: Review Romans 14:1-12, see how 14:13-15:3 develop those thoughts, and continue reading to the application in verses 15:5-6. Keep verse seven in the back of your mind as you finish this lesson.
2. CR: (13, 21) What is a stumbling block? (Leviticus 19:14; Isaiah 57:14; Ezekiel 3: 20; 7:19; Romans 11:9; 14:13; 1 Corinthians 1:23; 8:9)
3. ID: (15) What does this verse teach us about what it means to “walk in love?” (compare with Ephesians 5:2) (Paul also dealt with a similar problem in 1 Corinthians 8-9.)
4. WS: (17) What does righteousness (dikaiosune), peace (eirene), and the joy (chara) in the Holy Spirit (Acts 13:52; 1 Thessalonians 1:6) refer to in verse 17? How is that different from eating and drinking?
5. ID: Under what circumstances should we choose not to exercise our freedom? What should be the guiding principle in decisions of this kind?
6. (19) What does verse 19 say we should pursue? (v.17) What do we do (and not do) when we pursue them?
7. (20) How can food, wine, etc. tear down the work of God? (Is it possible to tear down the work of God with righteousness, peace, or joy mentioned in v. 17)
8. CR: (21) What does it mean to "cause your brother to stumble"? (v. 21; see 1 Corinthians 8:9-13)
The WALK: What should I do?
1. Can you think of rules your family had when you were growing up that you do not follow?
2. What are some examples of disputable matters to which the principles of this passage could be applied today? How should the convictions of others affect our behavior? Why?
3. If you are not sure whether something is right or wrong, should you do it? Why?
4. Are there any circumstances in which we should continue to exercise our freedom, even if it offends others? (see Gal. 4:8-11; 5:1; Col. 2:16-23)
5. Having sin be “relative” leaves much responsibility for sound judgment with each Christian. Will this make us more or less dependent on an active relationship with God? Explain.
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Chicago Statement on Biblical Hermeneutics with commentary by Norman L. Geisler
WE AFFIRM that the Holy Spirit who inspired Scripture acts through it today to work faith in its message.
WE DENY that the Holy Spirit ever teaches to any one anything which is contrary to the teaching of Scripture.
WE AFFIRM that the Holy Spirit enables believers to appropriate and apply Scripture to their lives.
WE DENY that the natural man is able to discern spiritually the biblical message apart from the Holy Spirit.
WE AFFIRM that the Bible expresses God's truth in propositional statements, and we declare that biblical truth is both objective and absolute. We further affirm that a statement is true if it represents matters as they actually are, but is an error if it misrepresents the facts.
WE DENY that, while Scripture is able to make us wise unto salvation, biblical truth should be defined in terms of this function. We further deny that error should be defined as that which willfully deceives.